P.D. No. 1682 : PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES and CODES : CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY
M a n i l a
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 1682
AMENDING CERTAIN SECTIONS OF THE NATIONAL INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1977, AS AMENDED
WHEREAS, there is a need to further amend certain provisions of the National Internal Revenue Code of 1977, as amended, to make them more responsive to current conditions presently being conducted in the Philippines;
NOW THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree the following:
Section 1. Sec. 20, paragraph (b) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(b) The term "corporation" includes partnerships, no matter how created or organized, joint-stock companies, joint accounts (cuentas en participacion), associations or insurance companies, but does not include general professional partnerships and a joint venture formed for the purpose of undertaking construction projects or engaging in petroleum operations pursuant to an operating agreement under a service contract with the Government. General professional partnerships are partnerships formed by persons for the sole purpose of exercising their common profession, no part of the income of which is derived from engaging in any trade or business."
Sec. 2. Sec. 24, paragraph (b) (2) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby further amended by adding thereto a proviso to read as follows:
"Provided, That any profit remitted abroad by a branch office to its mother company shall be subject to tax at fifteen per cent (15%) (except those registered with the Export Processing Zone Authority): PROVIDED FURTHER, That any profit remitted by a branch office to its mother company authorized to engage in petroleum operations in the Philippines shall be subject to tax at seven and one-half per cent (7.5%)."
Sec. 3. Sec. 29(b) (8) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended by adding thereto a new paragraph to read as follows:
(8) Miscellaneous items.
"(E) Filipino participation incentive allowance received by a Philippine corporation pursuant to an operating agreement under a petroleum service contract entered into between a service contractor and the Government under Presidential Decree No. 87."
Sec. 4. Sec. 30(b) (3) of the National Internal Revenue Code, as amended, is hereby further amended by adding a new sub-paragraph thereto to read as follows:
"(C) If the indebtedness is incurred to finance petroleum exploration."
Sec. 5. Sec. 30, paragraph (d) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended by adding a new paragraph thereto to read as follows:
"(7) Abandonment Losses. (A) In the event a contract area where petroleum operations are undertaken is partially or wholly abandoned, all accumulated exploration and development expenditures pertaining thereto shall be allowed as a deduction; Provided, however, That accumulated expenditures incurred in that area prior to January 1, 1979 shall be allowed as deduction only from any income derived from the same contract area. In all cases, notices of abandonment shall be filed with the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
"(B) In case a producing well is subsequently abandoned, the unamortized costs thereof, as well as the undepreciated costs of equipment directly used therein shall be allowed as a deduction in the year such well, equipment or facility is abandoned by the contractor; Provided, however, That if such abandoned well is reentered and production is resumed, or if such equipment or facility is restored into service, the said costs shall be included as part of gross income in the year of resumption or restoration and shall be amortized or depreciated, as the case may be.
Sec. 6. Sec. 30, paragraph (f) is hereby amended by adding a new paragraph thereto to read as follows:
"(3) Depreciation of Properties Used in Petroleum Operations. An allowance for depreciation in respect to all properties directly related to production of petroleum initially placed in service in a taxable year under the straight-line or double-declining balance method a depreciation at the operation of the service contractor. However, if the service contractor initially elects the double-declining method, it may, at any subsequent date, shift to the straight-line method. The useful life of properties used in or related to production of petroleum shall be ten (10) years or such shorter life as may be permitted by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
Properties not used directly in the production of petroleum shall be depreciated under the straight-line method on the basis of an estimated useful life of five (5) years."
Sec. 7. Sec. 30, paragraph (g) (1) of the National Internal Revenue Code, is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(g) Depletion of oil and gas well and mines:
"(1) In general. In the case of oil and gas well and mines, a reasonable allowance for depletion or amortization computed in accordance with the cost depletion method shall be granted under rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Minister of Finance: Provided, That when the allowances shall equal the capital invested no further allowance shall be granted: Provided, Further, That after production in commercial quantities has commenced, certain intangible exploration and development drilling costs (i) shall be deductible in the year incurred if such expenditures are incurred for non-producing wells or (ii) shall be deductible in full in the year paid or incurred or, at the election of the taxpayer, may be capitalized and amortized, if such expenditures incurred are not producing wells in the same contract area.
Intangible costs in petroleum operations refer to any cost incurred in petroleum operations which in itself has no salvage value and which is incidental to and necessary for the drilling of wells and preparation of wells for the production of petroleum: Provided, That said cost shall not pertain to the acquisition or improvement of property of a character subject to the allowances for depreciation on such property, shall be deductible under this subsection.
Any intangible exploration, drilling and development expenses allowed as a deduction in computing taxable income during the year shall not be taken into consideration in computing the adjusted cost basis for the purpose of computing allowable cost depletion.
Sec. 8. Sec. 31(a) (2) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 31 (a) (2). Any amount paid out for new buildings or for permanent improvements or betterments made to increase the value of any property or estate.
"This sub-section shall not apply to intangible drilling and development cost incurred in petroleum operations which are deductible under sub-section (g) (1) of Sec. 30 of this Code."
Sec. 9. Applicability Clause. The pertinent provisions of Title II of the National Internal Revenue Code of 1977, as amended, and the implementing regulations promulgated thereunder shall apply to any corporation authorized to engage in petroleum operations in the Philippines pursuant to a service contract entered into by said corporation and the Government for
(a) Contracts entered into pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 87 and amended after January 1, 1979; and
(b) New contracts entered into after January 1, 1979.
Section 10. Repealing Clause. All other laws, decrees, regulations and others inconsistent herewith are hereby modified or amended accordingly.
Section 11. Effectivity Date. This Decree shall take effect as of January 1, 1979.
Done in the City of Manila, this 13th day of March, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty.