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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
REPUBLIC ACT NOS. 5401 - 5500                  

  • Republic Act No. 5401

  • Republic Act No. 5402

  • Republic Act No. 5403

  • Republic Act No. 5404

  • Republic Act No. 5405

  • Republic Act No. 5406

  • Republic Act No. 5407

  • Republic Act No. 5408

  • Republic Act No. 5409

  • Republic Act No. 5410

  • Republic Act No. 5411

  • Republic Act No. 5412

  • Republic Act No. 5413

  • Republic Act No. 5414

  • Republic Act No. 5415

  • Republic Act No. 5416

  • Republic Act No. 5417

  • Republic Act No. 5418

  • Republic Act No. 5419

  • Republic Act No. 5420

  • Republic Act No. 5421

  • Republic Act No. 5422

  • Republic Act No. 5423

  • Republic Act No. 5424

  • Republic Act No. 5425

  • Republic Act No. 5426

  • Republic Act No. 5427

  • Republic Act No. 5428

  • Republic Act No. 5429

  • Republic Act No. 5430

  • Republic Act No. 5432

  • Republic Act No. 5431

  • Republic Act No. 5433

  • Republic Act No. 5434

  • Republic Act No. 5435

  • Republic Act No. 5436

  • Republic Act No. 5437

  • Republic Act No. 5438

  • Republic Act No. 5439

  • Republic Act No. 5440

  • Republic Act No. 5441

  • Republic Act No. 5442

  • Republic Act No. 5443

  • Republic Act No. 5444

  • Republic Act No. 5445

  • Republic Act No. 5447

  • Republic Act No. 5446

  • Republic Act No. 5448

  • Republic Act No. 5449

  • Republic Act No. 5450

  • Republic Act No. 5451

  • Republic Act No. 5452

  • Republic Act No. 5453

  • Republic Act No. 5454

  • Republic Act No. 5455

  • Republic Act No. 5456

  • Republic Act No. 5457

  • Republic Act No. 5458

  • Republic Act No. 5459

  • Republic Act No. 5460

  • Republic Act No. 5461

  • Republic Act No. 5462

  • Republic Act No. 5463

  • Republic Act No. 5464

  • Republic Act No. 5465

  • Republic Act No. 5466

  • Republic Act No. 5467

  • Republic Act No. 5468

  • Republic Act No. 5469

  • Republic Act No. 5470

  • Republic Act No. 5471

  • Republic Act No. 5472

  • Republic Act No. 5473

  • Republic Act No. 5474

  • Republic Act No. 5475

  • Republic Act No. 5476

  • Republic Act No. 5477

  • Republic Act No. 5478

  • Republic Act No. 5479

  • Republic Act No. 5480

  • Republic Act No. 5481

  • Republic Act No. 5482

  • Republic Act No. 5483

  • Republic Act No. 5484

  • Republic Act No. 5485

  • Republic Act No. 5486

  • Republic Act No. 5487

  • Republic Act No. 5488

  • Republic Act No. 5489

  • Republic Act No. 5490

  • Republic Act No. 5491

  • Republic Act No. 5492

  • Republic Act No. 5493

  • Republic Act No. 5494

  • Republic Act No. 5495

  • Republic Act No. 5496

  • Republic Act No. 5497

  • Republic Act No. 5498

  • Republic Act No. 5499

  • Republic Act No. 5500

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    PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES & CODES

    Republic Act No. 5488

      PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY

    REPUBLIC ACTS




    REPUBLIC ACT NO. 5488
    REPUBLIC ACT NO. 5488 - AN ACT AMENDING FURTHER REPUBLIC ACT NUMBERED FIVE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE "HOME FINANCING ACT," AS AMENDED BY REPUBLIC ACT NUMBERED ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-SEVEN

    Section 1. Section three of Republic Act Numbered Five hundred eighty as amended by Republic Act Numbered One thousand five hundred and fifty-seven is hereby further amended to read as follows:

    "Sec. 3. Membership. The Commission shall be composed of five members appointed by the President of the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. The President shall designate one of the members as Chairman of the Commission who shall receive a compensation of twenty thousand pesos per annum. Any member of the Commission may be removed by the President for cause. Two of the members appointed shall be officers or directors of non-governmental mortgagee-institutions participating in the insured mortgage program in accordance with the provisions of this Act. The members shall receive for each meeting of the Commission attended a per diem of fifty pesos; Provided, however, That a member shall receive a total of not more than three thousand pesos a year in per diems. The Chairman shall held office for five years. The members of the Commission shall likewise hold office for five years, with the exception of the members first appointed who shall serve one, two, three and four years, respectively, as stated in their appointments. Thereafter, the person appointed to succeed a member of the Commission whose term shall have expired shall continue to serve for the full five-year term, and, except in the case of vacancies caused otherwise than the expiry of the term, only one member shall be appointed to the Commission each year. In the event of vacancy, the successor appointed to fill the same shall serve only the unexpired portion of the term of the member he succeeds. Any person who is directly or indirectly interested in a construction company or in a firm dealing in building and construction materials and accessories, real estate development companies and financial institutions that may have transactions with the Home Financing Commission shall be disqualified from being a member thereof, except for the two members who are officers or directors of non- governmental mortgagee-institutions, participating in the insured mortgage program who shall be appointed as provided in this section."

    Sec. 2. Subparagraph (d) of Section four of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows:

    "(d) To issue bonds, debentures, securities, collaterals, notes and other obligations with the approval of the President after consultation with Monetary Board of the Central Bank of the Philippines, but in no case to exceed at any one time the aggregate amount of the principal obligations of all mortgages and accounts insured under Chapter II and III of this Act plus the amount authorized for the Home Financing Fund in accordance with the provisions of section six of this Act. These bonds and other obligations shall be issued under such terms and conditions as are provided in this Act and the rules and regulations prescribed by the Commission and shall be redeemable at the option of the Commission at or before maturity and in such manner as may be stipulated therein and shall bear such rate of interest as may be fixed by the Commission but not more than seven per cent per annum. Such obligations shall be secured by the assets of the Commission, including the stocks, bonds, debentures and other securities underwritten, purchased or held by it under the provisions of this Act. The Commission shall provide for appropriate reserves for the redemption or retirement of said obligations. Such obligations may be issued and offered for sale at such price or prices as the Commission may determine, and shall be exempt from taxation as to principal and interest, except estate, inheritance and gift taxes. The said obligations shall be and are hereby fully and unconditionally guaranteed both as to principal and interest by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and such guaranty shall be expressed on the face thereof. Bonds issued by the Commission shall be registered at the request of the holder thereof under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Commission."

    Sec. 3. Section nine by the same Act as amended is hereby further amended to read as follows:

    "Sec. 9. With a view to encourage the repair of existing residential buildings, and the rehabilitation requirements and recovery from damage caused by the elements, the Home Financing Commission shall prescribe rules and regulations to govern the insurance authorized under this section in accordance with the provisions set forth hereunder:

    "(a) The Commission is authorized to insure banks, insurance companies, building and loan associations and other qualified lending institutions against losses which they may sustain as a result of eligible property improvement loans.

    "(b) Two classes of loans may be issued under this section at the discretion of the Commission:

    "(1) Loans covering the cost of repair, alteration or improvement of an existing structure, such loans not to be in excess of ten thousand pesos and to mature in not to exceed ten years on a monthly amortization basis;

    "(2) Loans covering the cost of alteration, repair, improvement or conversion of an existing structure used or to be used as a dwelling for two or more families, such loans not to be in excess of twenty thousand pesos and to mature in not to exceed twenty years on a monthly amortization basis."

    Sec. 4. Subsection (b) of Section ten of the same Act amended is hereby further amended to read as follows:

    (b) To be eligible for insurance under this section a mortgage shall

    (1) Involve a principal obligation (including such initial service charges, appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Commission shall approve) in an amount

    "(a) not to exceed thirty thousand pesos per family unit including house and land nor in any case ninety-five per centum of the appraised value (as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance) of a property, whether urban, suburban, or rural upon which there is located or to be constructed a dwelling designed principally for a single-family residence: Provided, That no mortgage shall be insured under this paragraph unless the mortgagor shall be the owner and occupant of the property at the time of insurance and shall have paid on account of the property, in cash or its equivalent, at least five per centum of the appraised value thereof.

    "(b) not to exceed nine thousand five hundred pesos per family unit including house and land nor in any case one hundred per centum of the appraised value of a property, whether urban, suburban, or rural, upon which there is located or to be constructed a dwelling, designed principally for a single-family residence: Provided, That no mortgage shall be insured under this paragraph unless the mortgagor shall be the owner and occupant of the property at the time of insurance.

    "(2) Have a maturity satisfactory to the Commission, but not to exceed forty years.

    Sec. 5. Subparagraph (c) of Sec. 13 of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows:

    "(c) Bear interest (exclusive of premium charges for insurance) at a rate not to exceed ten per centum per annum on the amount of the principal obligation outstanding at any time;

    Sec. 6. Subsections (a) and (b) of Sec. 14 of the same Act as amended are hereby further amended to read as follows:

    "(a) In the event the mortgagor becomes in default in accordance with regulations of the Commission, the mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefit of the insurance as hereinafter provided, upon (1) the prompt conveyance to the Commission of rights to the property and (2) the assignment to it of all claims of the mortgagee against the mortgagor or others. Upon such conveyance and assignment, the obligation of the mortgagee to pay the premium charges for insurance shall cease and the Commission shall at its option, pay in cash or issue to the mortgagee debentures in an amount equivalent to the balance outstanding and due on the mortgage as hereinafter provided.

    "(b) For the purpose of the above-subsection (a), the balance outstanding and due on the mortgage shall be determined, in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Commission, by adding to the amount of the principal obligation of the mortgage which was unpaid on the date of the conveyance and assignment by the mortgagee to the commission of all its rights and valid claims against the mortgagor, the amount of all payments which have been made by the mortgagee for taxes, ground rents, and water rates, which are liens prior to the mortgage, special assessment which are noted on the application for insurance or which become liens after the insurance of the mortgage, insurance on the mortgage property, and any mortgage insurance premiums paid thereafter.

    Sec. 7. Subparagraph (d) of Sec. 14 of the same Act as amended is hereby further amended to read as follows:

    "(d) the debentures issued under this chapter to any mortgagee with respect to mortgages or loans insured under Chapters II and III shall be executed in the name of the Home Financing Commission as obligor, and signed for the Commission by the Chairman-General Manager by either his written or engraved signature, and shall be negotiable, exempt from taxation, attachment, execution or seizure, redeemable at the option of the Commission at or before maturity and fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by the Republic of the Philippines. All such debentures shall be dated as of the date the mortgage conveys and assigns to the commission its right under the mortgage and valid claims against the mortgagor, and shall bear interest not exceeding the interest rate established for the principal obligation. The interest on the debentures shall be payable semi-annually on the first day of January and the first day of July of each year, and the debentures shall mature ten years after date on which the debentures were issued or three years after July first following the maturity of the mortgage on the property in exchange for which the debentures were issued whichever is the shorter period, and may be used at the option of the mortgagee in the payment of insurance premiums due the Commission."

    Sec. 8. Subsection (e) of Section 14 of the same Act is hereby repealed and the succeeding subsections are hereby redesignated accordingly.

    "(a) The term "mortgage" means a first mortgage on real estate in fee simple, or on the interest of either the lessor or lessee thereof under a lease having a period of not less than forty years to run from the date the mortgage was executed, upon which there is located or upon which there is to be constructed a building or buildings designed principally for residential use; and the term "first mortgage" means such classes of first liens as are commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real estate together with the credit instrument or instruments, if any, secured thereby, and may be in the form of trust mortgages or mortgage indentures of deeds of trust securing notes, bonds, or other credit instruments."

    Sec. 9. Subparagraph (a) of Sec. 22 of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows:

    "(a) The term "mortgage" means a first mortgage on real estate in fee simple, or on the interest of either the lessor or leasee thereof under a lease having a period of not less than forty years to run from the date the mortgage was executed, upon which there is located or upon which there is to be constructed a building or buildings designed principally for residential use; and the term 'first mortgage' means such classes or first liens as are commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real estate together with the credit instrument or instruments, if any, secured thereby, and may be in the form of trust mortgages or mortgage indentures of deeds of trust securing notes, bonds, or other credit instruments."

    SECTION 10. Sec. 25 of the same Act as amended is hereby further amended to read as follows:

    "(a) All banking institutions, trust companies, personal finance companies, mortgage companies, building and loan associations, savings and loan associations, installment lending companies, insurance companies, the Government Service Insurance System, the Social Security System, and the Development Bank of the Philippines and other government financial institutions, are hereby authorized to invest part of their funds for the purpose of giving loans and advance of credit contemplated and provided in this Act, as well as on the purchases of obligations representing loans and advances of credit made pursuant to the provisions of this Act, any provision of their respective charters or by-laws to the contrary notwithstanding. All housing loans within the loan ceiling of the Commission to be granted by the foregoing government financing institutions from the date of effectivity of this amendatory Act shall be insured by the Commission under the provisions of the Home Financing Act. All mortgagee institutions participating in the mortgage insurance program shall be bound by the terms and conditions of insured mortgage loans as may be approved by the Commission. Any amount invested by all the foregoing entities in the financing of mortgage loans for housing development under this Act, shall be guaranteed both as the principal and interest by both Home Financing Commission and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines.

    "(b) The Development Bank of the Philippines, the Government Service Insurance System, and the Social Security System are hereby authorized to constitute the secondary market for insured mortgages and shall:

    "(1) Purchase, service or sell mortgages which are insured under the provisions of this Act.

    "(2) Subject to the approval of the Monetary Board issue bonds, debentures, securities, collateral and other obligations against the security of mortgages insured under this Act, in such amount and in such proportion to the face value of such mortgage as their respective boards may designate and such obligations may be issued and offered for sale at such price or prices as the particular government institution may determine, and shall be negotiable and exempt from taxes both as to principal and interest. The said obligations shall be and are hereby fully and unconditionally guaranteed both as to principal and interest by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and such guarantee shall be expressed on the face thereof and the President is hereby authorized to endorse such debentures for the Government of the Republic of the Philippines as prime obligor in such form as may be designated by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

    "(c) Interests accumulated by lending institutions on mortgages insured under the provisions of this Act shall be exempt from all taxation."

    SECTION 11. Out of any funds in the National Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of five million pesos is hereby appropriated to augment the original funds of the Home Financing Commission.

    SECTION 12. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

    Approved: June 21, 1969

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