Section 1. This Act shall be known as the Charter of the City of
Section2. Territory of the City of Cavite. The City
of Cavite, which is hereby created, shall comprise the present
territorial jurisdiction of the municipality of Cavite, in the Province
of Cavite: Provided, That the President of the Commonwealth of the
Philippines is hereby authorized when the public interests demand it to
extend the limits of the City of Cavite to include the outlying
municipalities or portions of such municipalities.
Section3. Corporate Character of the City. The City
of Cavite constitutes a political body corporate and as such is endowed
with the attributes of perpetual succession and possessed of the powers
which pertain to a municipal corporation, to be exercised in conformity
with the provisions of this Charter.
Section4. Seal and General Powers of the City. The
city shall have a common seal, and may alter the same at pleasure. It
may take, purchase, receive, hold, lease, convey and dispose of real
and personal property for the general interests of the city, condemn
private property for public use, contract and be contracted with, sue
and be sued, prosecute and defend to final judgment and execution, and
exercise all the powers hereinafter conferred.
Section5. The City not Liable for Damages. The city
shall not be liable or held for damages or injuries to persons or
property arising from the failure of the Municipal Board, the Mayor, or
any other city officer or employee, to enforce the provisions of this
Charter, or any other law or ordinance, or from negligence of said
Municipal Board, Mayor, or other city officers or employees while
enforcing or attempting to enforce the provisions thereof.
Section6. Jurisdiction of the City. The
jurisdiction of the City of Cavite for police purposes shall be
co-extensive with its territorial jurisdiction; and for the purpose of
protecting and insuring the purity of the water supply of the city,
such police jurisdiction shall also extend over all territory within
the drainage area of such water supply, or within one hundred meters of
any reservoir, conduit, canal, aqueduct or pumping station used in
connection with the city water service.
Section7. The Mayor His Appointment and
Compensation. The Mayor shall be the chief executive of the city. He
shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines, with the
consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly, and
shall hold office at the pleasure of the President.
He shall receive a salary of not exceeding three thousand six hundred
pesos a year. With the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, the
Mayor may be provided, in addition to his salary, a not-commutable
allowance of not exceeding six hundred pesos per annum.
Section8. The Acting Mayor. In the event of
sickness, absence, or other temporary incapacity of the Mayor, or in
the event of a vacancy in the position of Mayor, the City Treasurer
shall perform the duties of the Mayor until said office shall be filled
in accordance with law. If, for any reasons the duties of the office of
the Mayor cannot be performed by the City Treasurer, said duties shall
be performed by the City Engineer. In case of the incapacity of the
officials mentioned above to perform the duties of the Mayor, the
President shall appoint or designate one. The Acting Mayor shall have
the same powers and duties as the Mayor, and, if the one appointed or
designated is other than a government official, he shall receive the
Section9. General Powers and Duties of the Mayor.
Unless otherwise provided by law, the Mayor shall have immediate
control over the executive and administrative functions of the
different departments of the city, subject to the authority and
supervision of the Secretary of the Interior. He shall have the
following general powers and duties:
(a) To comply with and enforce and give the necessary
orders for the faithful enforcement and execution of the laws and
ordinances in effect within the jurisdiction of the city.
(b) To safeguard all the lands, buildings, records,
moneys, credits, and other property and rights of the city, and,
subject to the provisions of this Charters have control of all its
(c) To see that all taxes and other revenues of the
city are collected, and applied in accordance with appropriations to
the payment of the municipal expenses.
(d) To cause to be instituted judicial proceedings to
recover property and funds of the city wherever found, to cause to be
defended all suits against the city, and otherwise to protect the
interests of the city.
(e) To see that the executive officers and employees
of the city properly discharge their respective duties.
(f) To examine and inspect the books, records, and
papers of all officers, agents, and employees of the city over whom he
has executive supervision and control at least once a year, and
whenever occasion arises. For this purpose he shall be provided by the
Municipal Board with such clerical or other assistance as may be
(g) To give such information and recommend such
measures to the Board as he shall deem advantageous to the city.
(h) To represent the city in all its business matters
and sign in its behalf all its bonds, contracts, and obligations made
in accordance with law or ordinances.
(i) To submit to the Municipal Board at least two
months before the beginning of each fiscal year a budget of receipts
and expenditures of the city.
(j) To receive, hear, and decide as he may deem
proper the petitions, complaints, and claims concerning all classes of
municipal matters of an administrative or executive character.
(k) To grant or refuse municipal licenses or permits
of all classes and to revoke the same for violation of the conditions
upon which they were granted, or if acts prohibited by law or municipal
ordinance are being committed under the protection of such licenses or
in the premises in which the business for which the same have been
granted is carried on, or for any other good reason of general interest.
(l) To exempt, with the concurrence of the division
superintendent of schools, deserving poor pupils from the payment of
school fees or of any part thereof.
(m) To take such emergency measures as may be
necessary to avoid fires, floods, and the effects of storms and other
(n) To submit an annual report to the Secretary of
(o) To perform such other duties and exercise such
other executive powers as may be prescribed by law or ordinances.
Section10. Secretary to Mayor. The Mayor
shall appoint one secretary who shall hold office at the pleasure of
the Mayor and who shall receive a compensation, to be fixed by
ordinance approved by the Secretary of the Interior, at not exceeding
one thousand eight hundred pesos per annum.
The secretary shall have charge and custody of all records and
documents of the city and of any office or department thereof for which
provision is not otherwise made; shall keep the corporate seal and
affix the same with his signature to all ordinances and resolutions
signed by the Mayor and to all other official documents and papers of
the Government of the city as may be required by law or ordinance;
shall attest all executive orders, proclamations, ordinances, and
resolutions signed by the Mayor, and shall perform such other duties as
the Mayor may require of him; shall, upon request, furnish certified
copies of all city records and documents in his charge which are not of
a confidential character, and shall charge twenty centavos for each one
hundred words including the certificate, such fees to be paid directly
to the City Treasurer.
THE MUNICIPAL BOARD
Section11. Constitution and Organization of the
Municipal Board Compensation of Members Thereof. The Municipal
Board shall be the legislative body of the city and shall be composed
of the Mayor, who shall be its presiding officer, the City Treasurer,
the City Engineer, two councilors to be appointed by the President of
the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of
the National Assembly and three councilors elected at large by popular
vote during every triennial election for provincial and municipal
officials in conformity with the provisions of the Election Code. In
case of sickness, absence, suspension or other temporary disability of
any member of the Board, or if necessary to maintain a quorum, the
President of the Philippines may appoint a temporary substitute who
shall possess all the rights and perform all the duties of a member of
the Board until the return to duty of the regular incumbent.
If any member of the Municipal Board should be candidate for office in
any election, he shall be incompetent to act with the Municipal Board
in the discharge of the duties conferred upon it relative to election
matters, and in such case the other members of the Board shall
discharge said duties without his assistance, or they may choose some
disinterested elector of the city to act with the Board in such matters
in his stead.
The members of the Municipal Board, who are not officers or employees
of the Government receiving a fixed compensation or salary from public
funds, shall receive ten pesos for each day of attendance of the
session of the Board.
Section12. Qualifications, Election, Suspension
and Removal of Members of Board. The elective members of the Board
shall be qualified electors of the city, residents therein for at least
one year, and not less than twenty-three years of age. Upon qualifying,
the members-elect shall assume office on the date fixed in the Election
Code until their successors are elected and qualified.
If for any reason the election fails to take place on the date fixed by
law, or such election results in a failure to elect one or more of the
elective members, the President shall issue as soon as practicable a
proclamation calling a special election to fill said office. Whenever
the member elect dies before assumption of office, or, having been so
elected, his election is not confirmed by the President for disloyalty,
or such member-elect fails to qualify for any reason, the President may
in his discretion either call a special election or fill the office by
appointment. Vacancies in the office of elective members occurring
after assumption of office shall be filled by appointments by the
President of a suitable person belonging to the political party of the
officer whom he is to replace.
The elective members of the Municipal Board may be suspended or removed
from office under the same circumstances, in the same manner, and with
the same effect, as elective provincial officers, and the provisions of
law providing for the suspension or removal of elective provincial
officers are hereby made effective for the suspension or removal of
said members of the Board.
Section13. Appointment, Salary and Duties of
Secretary of Board. The Board shall have a secretary who shall be
appointed by it to serve during the term of office of the members
thereof. The compensation of the secretary shall be fixed by ordinance
approved by the Secretary of the Interior, at not exceeding one
thousand two hundred pesos per annum. A vacancy in the office of the
secretary shall be filled temporarily for the unexpired term in like
The secretary shall be in charge of the records of the Municipal Board.
He shall keep a full record of the proceedings of the Board, and file
all documents relating thereto; shall record, in a book kept for that
purpose, all ordinances, and all resolutions and motions directing the
payment of money or creating liability, enacted or adopted by the
Board, with the dates of passage of the same, and of the publication of
ordinances; shall keep a seal, circular in form, with the inscription
"Municipal Board City of Cavite," and affix the same, with his
signature, to all ordinances and other official acts of the Board, and
shall present the same for signature to the presiding officer of the
Board; shall cause each ordinance to be published as herein provided;
shall, upon request, furnish copies of all records of public character
in his charge under the seal of his office and charge twenty centavos
for each one hundred words including the certificate, the fees to be
paid directly to the City Treasurer and shall keep his office and all
records therein which are not of a confidential character open to
public inspection during usual business hours.
Section14. Method of Transacting Business by
the Board Veto Authentication and Publication of Ordinances.
Unless the Secretary of the Interior orders otherwise, the Board shall
hold one ordinary session for the transaction of business during each
week on days which it shall fix by resolution, and such extraordinary
sessions, not exceeding thirty during any one year, as may be called by
the Mayor. It shall sit with open doors, unless otherwise ordered by an
affirmative vote of five members. It shall keep a record of its
proceedings and determine its rules of procedure not herein set forth.
Five members of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction
of business. But a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may
compel the immediate attendance of any member absent without good cause
by issuing to the police of the city an order for his arrest and
production at the session under such penalties as shall have been
previously prescribed by ordinance. Five affirmative votes shall be
necessary for the passage of any ordinance, or of any resolution or
motion directing the payment of money or creating liability, but other
measures shall prevail upon the majority votes of the members present
at any meeting duly called and held. The ayes and nays shall be taken
and recorded upon the passage of all ordinances, upon all resolutions
or motions directing the payment of money or creating liability, and at
the request of any member, upon any other resolution or motion. Each
approved ordinance, resolution or motion shall be sealed with the seal
of the Board, signed by the presiding officer and the secretary of the
Board and recorded in the book for the purpose and shall, on the day
following its passage, be posted by the secretary at the main entrance
to the city hall, and shall take effect and be in force on and after
the tenth day following its passage unless otherwise stated in said
ordinance, resolution or motion or vetoed by the Mayor as hereinafter
provided. A vetoed ordinance, if repassed, shall take effect ten days
after the veto is overridden by the required votes unless otherwise
stated in the ordinance or again disapproved by the Mayor within said
Each ordinance and each resolution or motion directing the payment of
money or creating liability enacted or adopted by the Board shall be
forwarded to the Mayor for his approval. Within ten days after the
receipt of the ordinance, resolution, or motion, the Mayor shall return
it with his approval or veto. If he does not return it within that
time, it shall be deemed to be approved. If he returns it with his
veto, his reasons therefor in writing shall accompany it. It may then
be again enacted by the affirmative votes of six members of the Board,
and again forwarded to the Mayor for his approval, and if within ten
days after its receipt he does not again return it with his veto it
shall be deemed to be approved. If within said time he again returns it
with his veto, it shall be forwarded forthwith to the Secretary of the
Interior for his approval or disapproval, which shall be final. The
Mayor shall have the power to veto any particular item or items of an
appropriation ordinance, or of an ordinance, resolution or motion
directing the payment of money or creating liability but the veto shall
not affect the item or items to which he does not object. The item or
items objected to shall not take effect except in the manner heretofore
provided in this section as to ordinances, resolutions, and motions
returned to the Board with his veto, but should an item or items in an
appropriation ordinance be disapproved by the Mayor, the corresponding
item or items in the appropriation ordinance of the previous year shall
be deemed restored unless otherwise expressly directed in the Veto.
The Secretary of the Interior shall have full power to disapprove
directly, in whole or in part, any ordinance, resolution or motion of
the Municipal Board if he finds said ordinance, resolution or motion or
parts thereof, beyond the powers conferred upon the Board.
Section15. General Powers and Duties of the
Board. Except as otherwise provided by law, and subject to the
conditions and limitations thereof, the Municipal Board shall have the
following legislative powers:
(a) To provide for the levy and collection of taxes
for general and special purposes in accordance with law including
specifically the power to levy real property tax not to exceed two per
centum ad valorem.
(b) To make all appropriations for the expenses of
the Government of the city.
(c) To fix with the approval of the department head
the number and salaries of officials and employees of the city not
otherwise provided for in this Act.
(d) To authorize with the approval of the department
head the free distribution of medicines to the employees and laborers
of the city whose salary or wage does not exceed sixty pesos per month
or two pesos and fifty centavos per day; of fresh or evaporated native
milk to indigent mothers residing in the city and of bread and light
meals to indigent children of ten years or less of age residing in the
city, the distribution to be made under the direct supervision of the
(e) To fix the tariff of fees and charges for all
services rendered by the city or any of its departments, branches, or
(f) To provide for the erection and maintenance or
the rental of the necessary buildings for the use of the city.
(g) To establish and maintain schools as provided by
law, and with the approval of the Director of Education, to fix
reasonable tuition fees for instruction therein.
(h) To establish or aid in the establishment and
maintenance of vocational schools and institutions of higher learning
conducted by the National Government or any of its subdivisions and
agencies; and, with the approval of the Director of Education, to fix
reasonable tuition fees for instruction in the vocational schools and
in those higher institutions supported entirely by the City.
(i) To establish and maintain an efficient police
force and make all necessary police ordinances with a view to the
confinement and reformation of vagrants, disorderly persons,
mendicants, prostitutes, and persons convicted of violating any of the
ordinances of the city.
(j) To establish and maintain an efficient fire force
and provide engine houses, fire engines, hose carts, hooks and ladders,
and other equipment for the prevention and extinguishment of fires, and
to regulate the management and use of the same.
(k) To establish fire zones, determine the kinds of
buildings or structures that may be erected within their limits,
regulate the manner of constructing and repairing the same, and fix the
fees for permits for the construction, repair, or demolition of
buildings and structures.
(l) To regulate the use of lights in stables, shops,
and other buildings and places, and to regulate and restrict the
issuance of permits for the buildings of bonfires and the use of
firecrackers, fireworks, skyrockets, and other pyrotechnic displays,
and to fix the fees for such permits.
(m) To make regulations to protect the public from
conflagration and to prevent and mitigate the effects of famine,
floods, storms, and other public calamities, and to provide relief for
persons suffering from the same.
(n) To regulate and fix the amount of the license
fees for the following: hawkers, peddlers and hucksters, not including
hucksters or peddlers who sell only native vegetables, fruits or foods,
personally carried by the hucksters or peddlers; auctioneers, plumbers,
barbers, collecting agencies, mercantile agencies, shipping and
intelligence offices, private detective agencies, advertising agencies,
beauty parlors, massagists, tattooers, jugglers, acrobats, hotels,
clubs, restaurants, cafes, lodging houses, boarding houses, livery
garages, livery stables, boarding stables, dealers in large cattle,
public billiard tables, laundries, cleaning and dyeing establishments,
public warehouses, circuses and other similar parades, public vehicles,
race tracks, horse races, bowling alleys, shooting galleries, slot
machines, merry-go-rounds pawnshops, dealers in second-hand
merchandise, junk dealers, brewers, distillers, rectifiers, money
changers and brokers, public ferries, theaters, theatrical
performances, cinematographs, public exhibitions, circuses, and all
other performances and places of amusements, and the keeping,
preparation, and sale of meat, poultry, fish, game, butter, cheese,
lard, vegetables, bread, and other provisions.
(o) To tax and fix the license fees on dealers in
automobiles or accessories or both, and retail dealers in new
merchandise, which dealers are not yet subject to the payment of any
municipal tax. For the purpose of taxation, those retail dealers shall
be classified as (A) retail dealers in general merchandise, and (B)
retail dealers exclusively engaged in the sale of (a) textiles
including knitted wares, (b) hardwares including glasswares, cooking
utensil, electrical goods and construction materials, (c) groceries
including toilet articles except perfumery, (d) drugs including
medicines and perfumeries, (e) books including stationery, paper, and
office supplies, (f) jewelry, (g) slippers, (h) arms, ammunitions, and
(p) To tax, fix the license fee for, regulate the
business and fix the location of, match factories, blacksmith shops,
foundries, steam boilers, lumber yards, ship yards, the storage and
sale or gunpowder, tar pitch, resin, coal, oil, gasoline, benzine,
turpentine, hemp, cotton, nitroglycerin, petroleum, or any of the
products thereof, and of all other highly combustible or explosive
materials, and other establishments likely to endanger the public
safety or give rise to conflagrations or explosions, and, subject to
the rules and regulations issued by the Director of Health in
accordance with law, tanneries, renderies, tallow chandleries,
embalmers and funeral parlors, bone factories, and soap factories.
(q) To impose tax on motor and other vehicles, and
draft animals not paying any national tax: Provided, That all
automobiles and trucks belonging to the National Government or to any
provincial or municipal government and automobiles and trucks not
regularly kept in the city shall be exempt from such tax.
(r) To regulate the method of using steam engines and
boilers, and all other motive powers other than marine or belonging to
the Government of the United States or the Philippines; to provide for
the inspection thereof, and for a reasonable fee for such inspection,
and to regulate and fix the fees for the licenses of the engineers
engaged in operating the same.
(s) To enact ordinances for the maintenance and
preservation of peace, order and good morals.
(t) To regulate and fix the license fees for the
keeping of dogs, to authorize their impounding and destruction when
running at large contrary to ordinances, and to regulate the keeping or
training of fighting cocks.
(u) To establish and maintain municipal pounds; to
regulate, restrain, and prohibit the running at large of domestic
animals, and provide for the distraining, impounding and sale of the
same for the penalty incurred, and the cost of the proceedings; and to
impose penalties upon the owners of said animals for the violation of
any ordinance in relation thereto.
(v) To prohibit and provide for the punishment of
cruelty to animals.
(w) To regulate the inspection, weighing, and
measuring of brick, lumber, coal, and other articles of merchandise.
(x) To regulate the establishment or operation and
fix the license fees of dance halls, saloons, bars and the like,
cabarets, and cockpits.
(y) Subject to the provisions of subsection (f) of
section 1901 of the Administrative Code, to provide for the laying out,
construction, and improvement, and to regulate the use, of streets,
avenues, alleys, sidewalks, wharves, piers, parks, cemeteries, and
other public places; to provide for lighting, cleaning, and sprinkling
of streets and public places; to regulate, fix license fees for, and
prohibit the use of the same for processions, signs, signposts, awning,
awning posts, the carrying or displaying of banners, placards,
advertisements, or hand bills, or the flying of signs, flags or
banners, whether along, across, over or from buildings, along the same;
to prohibit the placing, throwing, depositing or leaving, of obstacles
of any kind, offal, garbage, refuse, or other offensive matter or
matters liable to cause damage, in the streets and other public places,
and to provide for the collection and disposition thereof; to provide
for the inspection of, fix the license fees for, and regulate the
openings in the same for the laying of gas, water, sewer, and other
pipes, the building and repair of tunnels, sewers, and drains, and all
structures in and under the same, and the erecting of poles and the
stringing of wires therein; to provide for and regulate cross-walks,
curbs, and gutters therein; to name streets without a name and provide
for and regulate the numbering of houses and lots fronting thereon or
in the interior of the blocks; to regulate traffic and sales upon the
streets and other public places; to provide for the abatement of
nuisances in the same and punish the authors or owners thereof; to
provide for the construction and maintenance, and regulate the use, of
bridges, viaducts, and culverts; to prohibit or regulate ball playing,
kite flying, hoop rolling, and other amusements which may annoy persons
using the streets and public places, or frighten horses or other
animals; to regulate the speed of horses and other animals; motor and
other vehicles, cars and locomotives within the limits of the city; to
regulate the lights used on such vehicles, cars, and locomotives; to
regulate the locating, constructing, and laying of the track of horse,
electric, and other forms of railroad in the streets or other public
places of the city authorized by law; unless otherwise provided by law,
to provide for and change the location, grade, and crossings of
railroads, and to compel any such railroad to raise or lower its tracks
to conform to such provisions or changes; and to require railroad
companies to fence their property, or any part thereof, to provide
suitable protection against injury to persons or property, and to
construct and repair ditches, drains, sewers, and culverts along and
under their tracks, so that the natural drainage of the streets and
adjacent property shall not be obstructed.
(z) To provide for the construction and maintenance
within the city and provide for the clearing and purification of, and
regulate the navigation on, canals and water courses of the same;
unless otherwise provided by law, to provide for the construction and
maintenance, and regulate the use, of public landing places, wharves,
piers, docks and levees, and of those of private ownership; and to
provide for or regulate the drainage and filling of private premises
when necessary in the enforcement of sanitary rules and regulations
issued in accordance with law.
(aa) Subject to the provisions of the public Service
Law, to fix the charges to be paid by all water craft landing at or
using public wharves, dock, levees, or landing places owned, operated,
managed or controlled by the city.
(bb) To provide for the maintenance of waterworks for
the purpose of supplying water to the inhabitants of the city, and for
the purification of the source of supply and the places through which
the same passes, and to regulate the consumption and use of the water;
to fix subject to the provisions of the Public Service Law, and provide
for the collection of, rents therefor; and to regulate the
construction, repair, and use of hydrants, pumps, cisterns, and
(cc) To provide for the establishment and maintenance
and regulate the use, of public drains, sewers, latrines, and cesspools.
(dd) Subject to the rules and regulations issued by
the Director of Health in accordance with law, to provide for the
establishment, maintenance and regulation and fix the fees for the use
of public stables, laundries and baths, and public markets, and
prohibit the establishment, or operation within the city limits of
public markets by any person, entity, association, or corporation other
than the City.
(ee) To establish or authorize the establishment of
slaughterhouses, to provide for their veterinary or sanitary
inspection, to regulate the use of same, and to charge reasonable
slaughter fees. No fees shall be charged for veterinary or sanitary
inspection of meat from large cattle or other domestic animals
slaughtered outside the city, when such inspection was had at the place
where the animals were slaughtered.
(ff) To regulate, inspect and provide measures
preventing any discrimination or the exclusion of any race or races in
or from any institution, establishment, or service open to the public
within the city limits; to regulate and provide for the inspection of
all gas, electric, telephone and street-railway conduits, mains,
meters, and other apparatus, and provide for the condemnation,
substitution or removal of the same when defective or dangerous.
(gg) To declare, prevent, and provide for the
abatement of nuisances; to regulate the ringing of bells and the making
of loud or unusual noises; to provide that owners, agents, or tenants
of buildings or premises keep and maintain the same in sanitary
condition, and that in case of failure to do so after sixty days from
the date of serving a written notice, the cost thereof to be assessed
to the owner to the extent of not to exceed sixty per centum to the
assessed value, which cost shall constitute a lien against the
property; and to regulate or prohibit or fix the license fees for the
use of property on or near public ways, grounds or places, or elsewhere
within the city, for a display of electric signs or the erection or
maintenance of billboards or structures of whatever material, erected,
maintained, or used for the display of posters, signs, or other
pictorial or reading matter, except signs displayed at the place or
places where the profession or business advertised thereby is in whole
or part conducted.
(hh) To provide for the enforcement of the rules and
regulations of the Director of Health, and by ordinance to prescribe
penalties for violations of such rules and regulations.
(ii) To extend its ordinances over all waters within
the city, over any boat or other floating structures thereon and, for
the purpose of protecting and insuring the purity of the water supply
of the city, over all territory within the drainage area of such water
supply, and within one hundred meters of any reservoir, conduit, canal,
aqueduct, or pumping station used in connection with the city water
(jj) To tax, fix the license fee for, and regulate
the sale, trading in or disposal of, alcohol or malt beverages, wines
and mixed or fermented liquors including tuba, basi, tapuy, offered for
(kk) To regulate any other business or occupation not
specifically mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, and to impose a
license fee upon all persons engaged in the same or who enjoy
privileges in the city.
(ll) To grant fishing and fishery privileges subject
to the provisions of the Fisheries Act.
(mm) To fix the date of the holding of a fiesta in
the city not oftener than once a year and to alter, not oftener than
once in three years, the date so fixed for the celebration thereof.
(nn) To enact all ordinances it may deem necessary
and proper for the sanitation and safety, the furtherance of the
prosperity, and the promotion of the morality, peace, good order,
comfort, convenience, and general welfare of the city and its
inhabitants, and such others as may be necessary to carry into effect
and discharge the powers and duties conferred by this Act, and to fix
the penalties for the violation of ordinances, which shall not exceed a
two hundred-pesos fine or six months imprisonment, or both such fine
and imprisonment, for a single offense.
Section16. Restrictive Provisions. No
commercial sign, signboard, or billboard shall be erected or displayed
on public lands, premises, or buildings. If after due investigation,
and having given the owners an opportunity to be heard, the Mayor of
the city shall decide that any sign, signboard, or billboard displayed
or exposed to public view is offensive to the sight or is otherwise a
nuisance, he may order the removal of such sign, signboard, or
billboard, and if same is not removed within ten days after he has
issued such order, he may himself cause its removal, and the sign,
signboard, or billboard shall thereupon be forfeited to the city, and
the expenses incident to the removal of the same shall become a lawful
charge against any person or property liable for the creation or
DEPARTMENTS AND OFFICERS OF THE CITY
Section17. City Departments. There shall be a
Finance Department, Assessment Department, an Engineering Department, a
Law Department, a Police Department, and a Fire Department. Unless
otherwise provided by law, the Mayor shall have general supervision
over all the city departments.
The Municipal Board may from time to time make such readjustment of the
duties of the several departments as the public interest may demand,
and, with the approval of the President, may consolidate any
department, division or office of the city within any other department,
division or office.
Section18. Powers and Duties of Heads of
Departments. Each head of department of the city government shall be
in control of such department and shall possess such powers as may be
prescribed herein or by ordinance. He shall certify to the correctness
of all pay rolls and vouchers of his department covering the payment of
money before payment, except as herein otherwise expressly provided. At
least four months before the beginning of each fiscal year, he shall
prepare and present to the Mayor an estimate of the appropriation
necessary for the operation of his department during the ensuing fiscal
year, and shall submit therewith such information for purposes of
comparison as the Mayor may desire. He shall submit to the Mayor as
often as required reports covering the operations of his department.
In case of the absence or sickness, or inability to act for any other
reason, of the head of one of the city departments, the officer next in
charge of that department shall act in his place with authority to sign
all necessary papers, such as vouchers, requisitions, and so forth.
Section19. Appointment and Removal of Officials
and Employees. The President of the Philippines shall appoint with the
consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly the
judge and auxiliary judge of the municipal court, the city treasurer,
the city engineer, the city attorney, the chief of police, the chief of
the fire department, and the other heads of such city departments as
may be created. Except the judge and the auxiliary judge of the
municipal court, said officers shall hold office at the pleasure of the
All other officers and employees of the city whose appointment is not
otherwise provided for by law shall be appointed by the Mayor upon the
recommendation of the corresponding city department head in accordance
with the Civil Service Law and they shall be suspended or removed in
accordance with said law.
Section20. Officers not to Engage in Certain
Transactions. It shall be unlawful for any city officer, directly or
indirectly or as a member of a firm, to engage in any business
transaction with the city, or with any of its authorized officials,
boards, agents, or attorneys, whereby money is to be paid, directly or
indirectly, out of the resources of the city to such person or firm; or
to purchase any real estate or other property belonging to the city or
which shall be sold for taxes or assessments, or by virtue of legal
process at the suit of the city; or to be surety for any person having
a contract or doing business with the city, for the performance of
which security may be required; or to be surety on the official bond of
any officer of the City.
Section21. The City Treasurer-Assessor His
Powers, Duties and Compensation. There shall be a city treasurer, who
shall have charge of the department of finance and shall act as chief
fiscal officer and financial adviser of the city and custodian of its
funds. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding three thousand pesos
per annum. He shall have the following general powers and duties:
(a) He shall collect all taxes due the city, all
licenses authorized by law or ordinance, all rents due for lands,
markets, and other property owned by the city, all further charges of
whatever nature fixed by law or ordinance and shall receive and issue
receipt for all costs, fees, fines and forfeitures imposed by the
(b) He shall collect all miscellaneous charges made
by the engineering department and by other departments of the city
government, and all charges made by the city engineer for inspectors,
permits, licenses, and the installation, maintenance, and services
rendered in the operation of the private privy system.
(c) He shall collect, as deputy of the Collector of
Internal Revenue, by himself or deputies, all taxes and charges imposed
by the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines upon property
or persons in the City of Cavite, depositing daily such collections in
any depository bank of the Government.
(d) Unless otherwise specifically provided by law or
regulations, he shall perform in and for the city the duties imposed by
law or regulation upon provincial treasurers generally, as well as the
other duties imposed upon him by law.
(e) He shall purchase and issue all supplies,
equipment or other property required by the city, through the
Purchasing Agent, or otherwise, as may be authorized, subject to the
general provisions of law relating thereto.
(f) He shall be accountable for all funds and
property of the city and shall render such accounts in connection
therewith as may be prescribed by the Auditor General.
(g) He shall deposit daily all municipal funds and
collections in any bank duly designated as Government depository.
(h) He shall disburse the funds of the city in
accordance with daily authorized appropriations, upon properly executed
vouchers bearing the approval of the chief of the department concerned;
and on or before the twentieth day of each month he shall furnish the
Mayor and the Municipal Board for their administrative information a
statement of the appropriations, expenditures and balances of all funds
and accounts as of the last day of the month preceding.
Section22. The City Engineer His Powers,
Duties and Compensation. There shall be a city engineer, who shall be
in charge of the Department of Engineering and Public Works. He shall
receive a salary of not exceeding two thousand two eighty pesos per
annum. He shall have the following powers and duties:
(a) He shall have charge of all the surveying and
engineering work of the city, and shall perform such services in
connection with public improvements, or any work entered upon or
projected by the city, or any department thereof, as may require the
skill and experience of a civil engineer.
(b) He shall ascertain, record, and establish
monuments of the city survey and from thence extend the surveys of the
city, and locate, establish, and survey all city property, and also
private property abutting on the same, whenever directed by the Mayor.
(c) He shall prepare and submit plans, maps,
specifications, and estimates for buildings, streets, bridges, docks,
and other public works, and supervise the construction and repair of
(d) He shall make such tests and inspection of
engineering materials used in construction and repair as may be
necessary to protect the city from the use of materials of a poor or
(e) He shall have the care of all public buildings,
when erected, including markets and slaughterhouses and all buildings
rented for city purposes, and of any system now or hereafter
established by the city for lighting the streets, public places, and
(f) He shall have the care of all public streets,
parks, and bridges, and shall maintain, clean, sprinkle, and regulate
the use of the same for all purposes as provided by ordinance; shall
collect and dispose of all garbage, refuse, the contents of closets,
vaults, and cesspools, and all other offensive and dangerous substances
within the city.
(g) He shall have the care and custody of all public
docks, wharves, piers, levees, and landing places owned by the city.
(h) He shall prevent the encroachment of private
buildings and fences on the streets and public places of the City.
(i) He shall have general supervision and inspection
of all private docks, wharves, piers, levees, and landing places, and
other property bordering on the harbor, river, esteros, and waterways
of the city, and shall issue permits for the construction, repair and
removal of the same, and enforce all ordinances relating to the same.
(j) He shall have the care and custody of the public
system of waterworks and sewers, and all sources of water supply, and
shall control, maintain, and regulate the use of the same, in
accordance with the ordinances relating thereto; shall inspect and
regulate the use of all private systems for supplying water to the city
and its inhabitants, and all private sewers and their connections with
the public sewer system.
(k) He shall supervise the laying of mains and
connections for the purpose of supplying gas to the inhabitants of the
(l) He shall inspect and report upon the conditions
of public property and public works whenever required by the Mayor.
(m) He shall supervise and regulate the location and
use of engines, boilers, forges, and other manufacturing and heating
appliances in accordance with law and ordinance relating thereto. He is
authorized to charge, at rates to be fixed by the Board with the
approval of the Department Head, for sanitation and transportation
services and supplies furnished by his department.
(n) He shall inspect and supervise the construction,
repair, removal, and safety of private buildings, and regulate and
enforce the numbering of houses, in accordance with the ordinances of
(o) With the previous approval of the Mayor in each
case, he shall order the removal of buildings and structures erected in
violation of the ordinances; shall order the removal of the materials
employed in the construction or repair of any building or structures
made in violation of said ordinances; and shall cause buildings or
structures dangerous to the public to be made secure or torn down.
(p) He shall file and preserve all maps, plans,
notes, surveys, and other papers and documents pertaining to his office.
Section23. Execution of Authorized Public Works
and Improvement. All repair or construction of any work or public
improvement, except parks, boulevards, streets or alleys involving an
estimated cost of three thousand pesos or more shall be awarded to the
lowest responsible bidder after public advertisement in the Official
Gazette for not less than ten days, by the Mayor upon the
recommendation of the City Engineer: Provided, however, That the City
Engineer may, with the approval of the President of the Philippines
upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Public Works and
Communications, execute by administration any such public work costing
three thousand pesos or more.
In the case of public works involving an expenditure of less than three
thousand pesos, it shall be discretionary with the City Engineer either
to proceed with the work himself or to let the contract to the lowest
bidder after such publication and notice as shall be deemed appropriate
or as may be, by regulation, prescribed.
Section24. The City Attorney His powers and
duties. The city attorney shall be the chief legal adviser of the
city. He shall receive a salary of not exceeding two thousand four
hundred pesos per annum. He shall have the following powers and duties:
(a) He shall represent the city in all civil cases
wherein the city or any officer thereof, in his official capacity, is a
(b) He shall, when directed by the Mayor, institute
and prosecute in the city's interest a suit on any bond, lease, or
other contract and upon any breach or violation thereof.
(c) He shall, when requested, attend meetings of the
Board, draw ordinances, contracts, bonds, leases, and other instruments
involving any interest of the city and inspect and pass upon any such
instruments already drawn.
(d) He shall give his opinion in writing, when
requested by the Mayor or the Board or any of the heads of the city
departments, upon any question relating to the city or the rights or
duties of any city officer thereof.
(e) He shall, whenever it is brought to his knowledge
that any person, firm, or corporation holding or exercising any
franchise or public privilege from the city, has failed to comply with
any condition, or to pay any consideration mentioned in the grant of
such franchise or privilege, investigate or cause to be investigated
the same and report to the Mayor.
(f) He shall investigate all charges of crimes,
misdemeanors, and violations of laws and city ordinances and prepare
the necessary informations or make the necessary complaints against the
persons accused. He may conduct such investigation by taking oral
evidence of reputed witnesses and for this purpose may, by subpoena,
summon witnesses to appear and testify under oath before him, and the
attendance or evidence of an absent or recalcitrant witness may be
enforced by application to the municipal court or the Court of First
(g) He shall have charge of the prosecution of all
crimes, misdemeanors and violations of laws and city ordinances triable
in the Court of First Instance of Cavite and the municipal court of the
city, and shall discharge all the duties in respect to criminal
prosecutions enjoined by law upon provincial fiscals.
(h) He shall cause to be investigated the causes of
sudden deaths which have not been satisfactorily explained and when
there is suspicion that the cause arose from unlawful acts or omissions
of other persons or from foul play. For that purpose he may cause
autopsies to be made, in case it is deemed necessary, and shall be
entitled to demand and receive for the purposes of such investigations
or autopsies the aid of the city health officer.
(i) He shall at all times render such professional
services as the Mayor or Board may require, and shall have such powers
and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.
(j) He shall perform the duties prescribed by law for
registers of deeds.
Section25. The Chief of Police His Powers,
Duties and Compensation. There shall be a chief of police who shall
have charge of the police department. He shall receive a salary of not
exceeding two thousand four hundred pesos per annum. He shall have the
following general powers and duties:
(a) He may issue supplementary regulations not
incompatible with law or general regulations promulgated by the proper
department head of the National Government, in accordance with law, for
the governance of the city police.
(b) He shall quell riots, disorders, disturbances of
the peace, and shall arrest and prosecute violators of any law or
ordinance; shall exercise police supervision over all land and water
within the police jurisdiction of the city; shall be charged with the
protection of the rights of person and property wherever found within
the jurisdiction of the city, and shall arrest when necessary to
prevent the escape of the offender, violators of any law or ordinance,
and all who obstruct or interfere with him in the discharge of his
duty; shall have charge of the city prison; and shall be responsible
for the safe-keeping of all prisoners until they shall be released from
custody, in accordance with law, or delivered to the warden of the
proper prison or penitentiary.
(c) He may take good and sufficient bail for the
appearance before the judge of the municipal court of any person
arrested for violation of any city ordinance.
(d) He shall have authority, within the police limits
of the city, to serve and execute criminal processes of any court.
(e) He shall be the deputy sheriff of the city, and
as such he shall personally or by representative, attend the sessions
of the municipal court, and shall execute promptly and faithfully, all
writs and processes of said court.
(f) He shall have such further powers and perform
such further duties as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.
Section26. Peace officers Their powers and
duties. The Mayor, the chief of police, and all officers and members
of the city police force shall be peace officers. Such peace officers
are authorized to serve and execute all processes of the Municipal
Court and criminal processes of all other courts to whomsoever
directed, within the jurisdictional limits of the city or within the
police limits as hereinbefore defined; within the same territory, to
pursue and arrest, without warrant, any person found in suspicious
places or under suspicious circumstances reasonably tending to show
that such person has committed, or is about to commit, any crime or
breach of the peace; to arrest or cause to be arrested, without
warrant, any offender when the offense is committed in the presence of
a peace officer or within his view; in such pursuit or arrest to enter
any building, ship, boat, or vessel, or take into custody any person
therein suspected of being concerned in such crime or breach of the
peace, and any property suspected of having been stolen; and to
exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as may be
prescribed by law or ordinance. They shall detain an arrested person
only until he can be brought before the proper magistrate. Whenever the
Mayor shall deem it necessary, to avert danger or to protect life and
property, in case of riot, disturbance, or public calamity, or when he
has reason to fear any serious violation of law and order, he shall
have power to swear in special police, in such numbers as the occasion
may demand. Such special police shall have the same powers while on
duty as members of the regular force.
Section27. Chief of Fire Department. His
powers duties and compensation. There shall be a chief of fire
department who shall have charge of said department. Unless otherwise
directed by the President of the Philippines, the Chief of Police shall
also be the Chief of the Fire Department. He shall have the following
general powers and duties:
(a) He may issue supplementary regulations not
incompatible with law or general regulation issued by the proper
department head of the National Government in accordance with law, for
governance of the fire force.
(b) He shall have charge of fire-engine houses, fire
engines, hose carts, hooks and ladders, trucks, and all other fire
(c) He shall have full police powers in the vicinity
(d) He shall have authority to remove or demolish any
building or other property whenever it shall become necessary to
prevent the spreading of fire or to protect adjacent property.
(e) He shall investigate and report to the Mayor upon
the origin and cause of all fires occurring within the city.
(f) He shall inspect all buildings erected or under
construction or repair within the city and determine whether they
provide sufficient protection against fire and comply with the
ordinances relating thereto.
(g) He shall have charge of the city fire alarm
(h) He shall supervise and regulate the stringing
grounding, and installation of wires for all electrical connections
with a view to avoiding conflagrations, interference with public
traffic or safety, or the necessary operations of the fire department.
(i) He shall supervise the manufacture, storage, and
use of petroleum, gas, acetylene, gunpowder, and other highly
combustible matter and explosives.
(j) He shall have such further powers and perform
such further duties as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.
Section28. The City Assessor. His powers and
duties. The city treasurer shall have charge of the department of
assessment. He and his authorized deputies are empowered to administer
any oath authorized to be administered in connection with the valuation
of real estate for the assessment and collection of taxes. He shall
appraise and value all the real estate in the city, and assess for
taxation all such real estates not expressly exempt. He shall make the
list of the taxable real estate in the city, arranging in the order of
the lot and block numbers the names of the owners thereof, with a brief
description of the property opposite each such name and the cash value
thereof. In making this list, the city assessor shall take into
consideration any sworn statement made by the owners of the property,
but shall not be prevented thereby from considering other evidence on
the subject and exercising his own judgment in respect thereto. For the
purpose of completing this list, he and his representatives may enter
upon the real estate for the purpose of examining and measuring it, and
may summon witnesses, administer oaths to them, and subject them to
examination concerning the ownership and the amount of real estate and
its cash value. He may, if necessary, examine the records of the office
of the register of deeds in the Province of Cavite, showing the
ownership of real estate in the city. The city treasurer shall act as
city assessor until the municipal board, by ordinance approved by the
Department Head, provides otherwise.
Section29. Real Estate Exempt from Taxation.
The following shall be exempt from taxation:
(a) Lands or buildings owned by the United States of
America, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the Province of Cavite,
or the City of Cavite, and burying grounds, churches, and their
adjacent personages and convents, and lands or buildings used
exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, or educational
purposes, and not for profit; but such exemption shall not extend to
lands or buildings held for investment, though the income therefrom be
devoted to religious, charitable, scientific, or educational purposes.
(b) Lands or buildings which are the only real
property of the owner, and the value of which does not exceed two
(c) Machinery, which term shall embrace machines,
mechanical contrivances, instruments, appliances, and apparatus
attached to the real estate, used for industrial, agricultural or
manufacturing purposes, during the first five years of the operation of
Section30. Declaration to be made by Persons
Acquiring or Improving Real Estate. It shall be the duty of each
person who, at any time, acquires real estate in the city, and of each
person who construct or adds to any improvements on real estate owned
by him in the city, to prepare and present to the city assessor within
a period of sixty days next succeeding such acquisition, construction
or addition, a sworn declaration setting forth the value of the real
estate acquired or the improvement constructed or addition made by him
and a description of such property sufficient to enable the city
assessor readily to identify the same. Any person having acquired real
estate who fails to make and present the declaration herein required
within the same period of sixty days shall be deemed to have waived his
right to notice of the assessment of such property and the assessment
of the same in the name of its former owner shall, in all such cases,
be valid and binding on all persons interested, and for all purposes,
as though the same has been assessed in the name of its actual owner.
Section31. Action when Owner Makes no Return,
or is Unknown, or Ownership in Dispute or in Doubt, or when Land and
Improvements are Separately Owned. If the owner of any parcel of real
estate shall fail to make a return thereof, or if the city assessor is
unable to discover the owner of any real estate, he shall nevertheless
list the same for taxation, and charge the tax against the true owner,
if known, and if unknown then as against an unknown owner. In case of
doubt or dispute as to ownership of real estate, the taxes shall be
levied against the possessor or possessors thereof. When it shall
appear that there are separate owners of the land and the improvements
thereon, a separate assessment of the property of each shall be made.
Section32. Action in Case Estate has Escaped Taxation. If it shall
come to the knowledge of the city assessor that any taxable real estate
in the city has escaped listing, it shall be his duty to list and value
the same at the time and in the manner provided in the next succeeding
section and to charge against the owner thereof the taxes due for the
current year and the last preceding one year, and the taxes thus
assessed shall be legal and collectible by all the remedies herein
provided, and if the failure of the city assessor to assess such taxes
at the time when they should have been assessed was due to any fault or
negligence on the part of the owner of such property, the penalties
shall be added to such back taxes as though these had been assessed at
the time when they should have been assessed.
Section33. When Assessment may be Increased or
Reduced. The city assessor shall during the first fifteen days of
January of each year, add to his list of taxable real estate in the
city the value of the improvements placed upon such property during the
preceding year, and any property which is taxable and which has
theretofore escaped taxation. He may during the same period revise and
correct the assessed value of any or all parcels of real estate in the
city which are not assessed at their true money value, by reducing or
increasing the existing assessments as the case may be.
Section34. Publication of Completed List and
Proceedings Thereon. The city assessor shall, when the list shall be
completed, inform the public by notice published for seven days in a
newspaper of general circulation in the city, if any, and by notice
posted for seven days at the main entrance of the City Hall, that the
list is on file in his office, and may be examined by any person
interested therein, and that upon the date fixed in the notice, which
shall not be later than the tenth day of February, the city assessor
will be in his office for the purpose of hearing complaints as to the
accuracy of the listing of the property and the assessed value thereof.
He shall further notify in writing each person the amount of whose tax
will be changed by such action of such proposed change, by delivering
or mailing such notification to such person or his authorized agent at
the last known address of such owner or agent in the Philippines, some
time in the month of January.
It shall be his duty carefully to preserve and record in his office
copies of said notices. On the day fixed in the notice, and for five
days thereafter, he shall be present in his office to hear all
complaints filed within the period by persons against whom taxes have
been assessed as owners of real estate, and he shall make his decision
forthwith and enter the same in a well-bound book, to be kept by him
for the purpose, and if he shall determine that injustice has been done
or errors have been committed he is authorized to amend the list in
accordance with his findings.
Section35. City Assessor to Authenticate Lists
of Real Estate Assessed. The city assessor shall authenticate each
list of real estate valued and assessed by him as soon as the same is
completed, by signing the following certificate at the foot thereof:
"I hereby certify that the
foregoing list contains a true statement of the piece or pieces of
taxable real estate belonging to each person named in the list, and its
true cash value, and that no real estate taxable by law in the City of
Cavite has been omitted from the list, according to the best of my
knowledge and belief.
Section36. Time and Manner of Appealing to Board of Tax Appeals. In
case any owner of real estate or his authorized agent, shall feel
aggrieved by any decision of the city assessor under the preceding
sections of this article, such owner or agent may, within thirty days
after the entry of such decision, appeal to the Board of Tax Appeals.
The appeal shall be perfected by filing a written notice of the same
with the city assessor, and it shall be the duty of that officer
forthwith to transmit the appeal to the Board of Tax Appeals with all
written evidence in his possession relating to such assessment and
Section37. Constitution and Compensation of
Board of Tax Appeals. There shall be a Board of Tax Appeals which
shall be composed of five members to be appointed by the President of
the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of
the National Assembly. Three members of the board shall be selected
from among government officials in the city other than those in charge
of assessment and they shall serve without additional compensation. The
two other members shall be selected from among property owners in the
city and they shall each receive a compensation of ten pesos for each
day of session actually attended. The chairman of the board shall be
designated in the appointment and shall have the power to designate any
city official or employee to serve as the secretary of the board
without additional compensation.
The members of the Board of Tax Appeals shall hold office for a term of
two years unless sooner removed by the President of the Philippines.
Section38. Oath to be taken by Members of Board
of Tax Appeals. Before organizing as such, the members of the Board
of Tax Appeals shall take the following oath before the municipal judge
or some other officer authorized to administer oaths:
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm)
that I will hear and determine well and truly all matters and issues
between taxpayers and the city assessor submitted for my decision. So
help me God. (In case of affirmation the last four words to be stricken
"Subscribed and sworn to (or affirmed) before me this __________ day of
_________ 19 _____.
(Signature of officer administering oath)
Section39. Proceedings before Board of Tax
Appeals and the Department Head. The Board of Tax Appeals shall hold
such number of sessions as may be authorized by the Secretary of
Finance, shall hear all appeals duly transmitted to it, shall decide
the same forthwith. It shall have authority to cause to be amended the
listing and valuation of the property in respect to which any appeal
has been perfected by order signed by the board or a majority thereof
and transmit it to the city assessor who shall amend the tax list in
conformity with said order. It shall also have power to revise and
correct, with the approval of the Department Head first had, any and
all erroneous or unjust assessments and valuations for taxation, and
make a correct and just assessment, and state the true valuation, in
each case where it decides that the assessment previously made is
erroneous or unjust. The assessment when so corrected shall be as
lawful and valid for all purposes as though the assessment has been
made within the time herein prescribed. Such reassessment and
revaluation shall be made on due notice to the individual concerned who
shall be entitled to be heard by the Board of Tax Appeals before any
reassessment or revaluation is made. The decision of the Board of Tax
Appeals shall be final unless the Department Head declares the decision
be reopened for review by him, in which case he may make such revision
or reevaluation as in his opinion the circumstances justify. Such
revision when approved by the President of the Philippines shall be
Section40. Taxes on Real Estate Extension and Remission of the Tax.
A tax, the rate of which shall not exceed two per centum ad valorem to
be determined by the municipal board, shall be levied annually on or
before the second Monday of January on the assessed value of all real
estate in the city subject to taxation. All taxes on real estate for
any year shall be due and payable annually on the first day of June and
from this date such taxes together with all penalties accruing thereto
shall constitute a lien on the property subject to such taxation.
Such lien shall be superior to all other liens, mortgages or
encumbrances of any kind whatsoever; and shall be enforceable against
the property whether in the possession of the delinquent or any
subsequent owner, and can only be removed by the payment of the tax and
At the option of the taxpayer, the tax for any year may be paid in two
installments to be fixed annually by the municipal board simultaneously
with the rate per centum of ad valorem taxation: Provided, That the
time limit for the first and second installments shall be set at not
later than the thirty-first day of May and the thirtieth day of October
of each year, respectively.
Any person who, on the last day set for the payment of the real estate
tax as provided in the preceding paragraph, shall be within the
premises of the city hall willing and ready to pay the tax but is
unable to effect it on account of the large number of taxpayers therein
present, shall be furnished a properly prescribed card which will
entitle him to pay the tax without penalty on the following day.
The words "paid under protest" shall be written upon the face of the
real estate tax receipt upon request of any person willing to pay the
tax under protest. Confirmation in writing of an oral protest shall be
made within thirty days.
At the expiration of the time for the payment of the real estate tax
without penalty, the taxpayer shall be subject, from the first day of
delinquency, to the payment of a penalty at the rate of two per centum
for each full month of delinquency that has expired, on the amount of
the original tax due, until the tax shall have been paid in full or
until the property shall have been forfeited to the city as provided in
this Act: Provided, That in no case shall the total penalty exceed
twenty-four per centum of the original tax due.
In the event that the crop is extensively damaged or that a great
lowering of the prices of products is registered in any year, or that a
similar disaster throughout the province, or for other good and
sufficient reasons, the municipal board may, by resolution passed on or
before the thirty-first day of December of such year, extend the time
for the collection of the tax on real estate in the City of Cavite for
a period not to exceed three months, or remit wholly or in part the
payment of the tax or penalty for the ensuing year, but such resolution
shall have to specify clearly the grounds for such extension or
remission and shall not take effect until it shall have been approved
by the Department Head.
The President of the Philippines may, in his discretion, remit or
reduce the real estate taxes for any year in the City of Cavite if he
deems this to be in the public interest.
Section41. Seizure of Personal Property for Delinquency in Payment of
Tax. After a property shall have become delinquent in the payment of
taxes and said taxes and the corresponding penalties shall remain
unpaid, ninety days after payment thereof shall have become due, the
city treasurer, or his deputy, if he desires to compel payment through
seizure of any personal property of any delinquent person or persons,
shall issue a duly authenticated certificate, based on the records of
his office, showing the fact of delinquency and the amount of the tax
and penalty due from said delinquent person or persons or from each of
them. Such certificate shall be sufficient warrant for the seizure of
the personal property belonging to the delinquent person or persons in
question not exempt from seizure; and these proceedings may be carried
out by the city treasurer, his deputy, or any other officer authorized
to carry out legal proceedings.
Section42. Personal Property Exempt from
Seizure and Sale for Delinquency. The following personal property
shall be exempt from seizure, sale and execution for delinquency in the
payment of the real estate tax:
(a) Tools and implements necessarily used by the
delinquent in his trade or employment.
(b) One horse, or cow or carabao, or other beast of
burden, such as the delinquent may select, and necessarily used by him
in ordinary occupation.
(c) His necessary clothing and that of his family.
(d) Household furniture and utensils necessary for
housekeeping, and used for the purpose by the delinquent, such as he
may select, of a value not exceeding one hundred pesos.
(e) Provisions for individual or family use
sufficient for four months.
(f) The professional libraries of lawyers, judges,
clergymen's physicians, engineers, school-teachers, and music teachers,
not exceeding five hundred pesos in value.
(g) The fishing boat and net, not exceeding the total
value of one hundred pesos, the property of any fisherman, by the
lawful use of which he earns a livelihood.
(h) Any article or material which forms part of a
home or of any improvement on any real estate.
Section43. Owner may Redeem Personal Property
Before Sale. The owner of the personal property seized may redeem the
same from the collecting officer at any time after seizure and before
sale by tendering to him the amount of the tax, the penalty, and the
costs incurred up to the time of tender. The costs to be charged in
making such seizure and sale shall only embrace the actual expense of
seizure and preservation of the property pending the sale, and no
charge shall be imposed for the services of the collecting officer or
Section44. Sale of Seized Personal Property.
Unless redeemed as herein before provided, the property seized through
proceedings under section forty-one hereof, shall after due
advertisement, be exhibited for sale at public auction and so much of
the same as shall satisfy the tax, penalty, and cost of seizure and
sale shall be sold to the highest bidder. The purchaser at such sale
shall acquire an indefeasible title to the property sold.
The advertisement shall state the time, place and cause of sale, and be
posted for ten days prior to the date of the auction, at the main
entrance of the city hall and at a public and conspicuous place in the
district where the property was seized.
The sale shall take place, at the discretion of the city treasurer or
his deputy, either at the main entrance of the city hall or at the
district where such property was seized. If no satisfactory bid is
found in the aforementioned districts another auction shall be had,
upon notice published anew.
Section45. Return of Officer Disposal of
Surplus. The officer directing the sale under the preceding section
shall forthwith make return of his proceedings and note thereof shall
be made by the city treasurer upon his records. Any surplus resulting
from the sale, over and above the tax, penalty and costs, and any
property remaining in possession of the officer, shall be returned to
the taxpayer on account of whose delinquency the sale has been
Section46. Vesting Title to Real Estate in City
Government. Upon the expiration of one year from the date on which
the taxpayer became delinquent, and in the event of continued default
in the payment of the tax and penalty, all private rights, titles and
interests in and to the real estate on which said tax is delinquent,
shall be indefeasibly vested in the city government, subject only to
the rights and redemption and repurchase provided for hereinbelow:
Provided, That the title acquired by said city government to the real
estate shall not be superior to the title thereto of the original owner
prior to the seizure thereof.
Section47. Redemption of Real Estate Before
Seizure. At any time after the delinquency shall have occurred, but
not after the expiration of ninety days from the date of the
publication of the advertisement provided for in the next succeeding
section, the owner or his lawful representative, or any person having
any lien, right, or any other legal or equitable interest in said
property, may pay the taxes and penalties accrued and thus redeem the
property. Such redemption shall operate to divest the city government
of its title to the property in question and to revert the same to the
original owner, but when such redemption shall be made by a person
other than the owner, the payment shall constitute a lien on the
property, and the person making such payment shall be entitled to
recover the same from the original owner, or if he be a lessee, he may
retain the amount of said payment from the proceeds of any income due
to the owner on such property: Provided, That the person exercising the
right of redemption shall not acquire a title to said property better
than that of the original owner prior to the seizure.
Section48. Notice of Seizure of Real Estate.
Notice of seizure of the real estate shall be given by posting notices
at the main entrances of the city hall, the provincial building and all
the municipal buildings in the Province of Cavite, in English, Spanish
and in the dialect commonly used in the locality. A copy of said shall
also be posted on the property subject to seizure. Such notices shall
state the names of the delinquent persons, the date on which such
delinquency commenced, the amount of the taxes and penalties then due
from each, and shall state that unless such taxes and penalties are
paid within ninety days from the date of the publication of such
notice, the forfeiture of the delinquent real estate to the city
government shall become absolute.
Section49. Ejectment of Occupants of Seized
Property. After the expiration of ninety days from the fate of the
publication of the notice of delinquency provided for in the next
preceding section, the city treasurer, or his deputy, may issue to the
Mayor or to other officers authorized by law to execute and enforce the
laws a certificate describing the parcel of real estate on which the
taxes have been declared delinquent, stating the amount of taxes due,
and the penalties and costs accrued by reason of the delinquency, and
requesting him to eject from said property all the tenants and
occupants thereof. Upon receiving such certificate, the Mayor or any
officer authorized to enforce the law, shall forthwith have all the
tenants and occupants who refuse to recognize the title of the city
expelled from the property in question, and to that end he may use the
police force: Provided, however, That if the property so seized is or
includes, a residential home, the occupants thereof shall be given
sufficient time, not exceeding ten days from the date of the notice of
ejectment, to vacate the premises.
Section50. Redemption of Real Property Before
Sale. After the title to the property shall have become vested in the
city government in the manner provided for in sections forty-six and
fifty-eight hereof, and at any time prior to the sale or contract of
sale by the city treasurer to a third party, the original owner or his
legal representative or any person having any lien, right, or other
legal interest or equity in said property, shall have the right to
redeem the entire property in question, by paying the full amount of
taxes and penalties due thereon at the time of the seizure, and if the
city treasurer shall have entered into a lease of the property, the
redemption shall be made subject to said lease: Provided, That the
payment of the price of sale may, at the discretion of the purchaser,
be made in installments extending over a period not exceeding twelve
months, but the initial payment, which must be made on the date of the
filing of the application for redemption, and every subsequent payment,
shall not be less than twenty-five per centum of the entire sum due,
and shall in no wise be less than two pesos, unless the total or the
balance of the amount due on all seized property in the name of the
taxpayer, is less than two pesos. The purchaser may occupy the property
after paying the first installment and the usual taxes on the property
shall be payable in the year after that in which the application for
redemption was approved. Any failure of the delinquent taxpayer to pay
an installment on the date it is due shall have the effect of a
forfeiture to the city government of any partial payment made by said
taxpayer, and in case he has taken possession of the property, he shall
forthwith surrender the same to the city government. In case the
purchaser should fail to relinquish possession of said property, the
city treasurer or his deputy shall forthwith adopt measures to eject
therefrom all the tenants or occupants thereof pursuant to the
proceedings prescribed in section forty-eight hereof: Provided,
however, That the original owner of any real estate seized prior to the
approval of this Act, who redeems the same within six months subsequent
to its approval, is hereby released from any obligation he may have to
the Government for rent for the use of such property: Provided,
finally, That the provisions of this section shall apply to redemption
of real estate seized for delinquency in the payment of taxes thereon
and not redeemed up to the date of the approval of this Act.
Section51. Notice of Sale of Real Estate at
Public Auction. At any time after the forfeiture of any real estate
shall have become absolute, the city treasurer, pursuant to the rules
of procedure to be promulgated by the Department Head, may announce the
sale at public auction of the real estate seized on account of
delinquency in the payment of taxes thereon, for the redemption of
which no application has been filed. Such announcement shall be made by
posting a notice for three consecutive weeks at the main entrances of
the city hall and of all the municipal buildings of the province, in
either English or Spanish, and in the dialect commonly used in the
locality, and by publishing the same once a week during three
consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the city.
Copies of such notice shall be sent immediately by registered mail to
the delinquent taxpayer at the latter's home address, if known. The
notice shall state the amount of the taxes and penalties so due, the
time and place of sale, the name of the taxpayer against whom the taxes
are levied, and the approximate area, the lot number and the location
by district and street, and the street number and district or barrio
where the real estate to be sold is located.
Section52. Sale of Real Estate Conditions.
At any time during the sale or prior to the same, the taxpayer may stay
the proceedings by paying the taxes and penalties to the city treasurer
or his deputy. Otherwise the sale shall proceed and shall be held
either at the main entrance of the city hall or on the premises of the
real estate to be sold, as the city treasurer or his deputy may
determine. The payment of the sale price may, at the option of the
purchaser, be made in installments covering a period not exceeding
twelve months, but the initial payment shall be made at the time of the
sale, and each subsequent payment shall not be less than twenty-five
per centum of the total sale price, and shall in no case be less than
two pesos, unless the total or the balance of the amount due be less
than two pesos. The purchaser may occupy the property after paying the
first installment, and the usual taxes on the property shall be payable
in the year following that in which the sale took place. Any failure of
the purchaser to pay the total price of the sale within twelve months
from the date thereof, shall be sufficient ground for its cancellation,
and any partial payment made shall revert to the city government; and
if the purchaser has taken possession of the property, he shall
forthwith surrender the same to the city government. In case the
purchaser should fail to relinquish possession of the property, the
city treasurer or his deputy shall immediately take steps to eject the
tenants or occupants of the property, in accordance with the procedure
prescribed in section fifty-eight of this Act.
The city treasurer or his deputy shall make a report of the sale to the
municipal board within five days after the sale and shall make the same
appear on its records. The purchaser at this sale shall receive from
the city treasurer or his deputy a certificate showing the proceedings
of the sale, describing the property sold, stating the name of the
purchaser, the sale price, the conditions of payment, the amount paid,
and the exact amount of the taxes and penalties due.
Section53. Redemption of Real Estate After
Sale. Within one year from and after the date of sale, the delinquent
taxpayer or any other person in his behalf, shall have the right to
redeem the property sold by paying to the city treasurer or his deputy
the amount of the taxes, penalties, cost and interests at the rate of
twelve per centum per annum on the purchase price, if paid in whole, or
on any portion thereof as may have been paid by the purchaser, and such
payment shall invalidate the certificate of sale issued to the
purchaser, if any, and shall entitle the person making such payment to
a certificate to be issued by the city treasurer or his deputy, stating
that he has thus redeemed the property, and the city treasurer or his
deputy, upon the return by the purchaser of the certificate of sale
previously issued to him, shall forthwith refund to the purchaser the
entire sum paid by him with interest at twelve per centum per annum, as
provided for herein, and such property shall thereafter be free from
the lien of such taxes and penalties.
Section54. Execution of Deed of Final Sale.
In case the delinquent taxpayer shall not redeem the property sold as
herein provided within one year from the date of sale, and the
purchaser shall then have paid the total purchase price, the city
treasurer, as grantor, shall execute a deed in form and effect
sufficient to convey to the purchaser so much of the real estate
against which the taxes have been assessed as has been sold, free from
all liens or encumbrances of any kind whatsoever, and said deed shall
succinctly recite all the proceedings upon which the validity of the
sale depends. Any balance remaining from the proceeds of the sale after
deducting the amount of the taxes and penalties due, and the costs, if
any shall be returned to the original owner or his representative.
Section55. Taxes and Penalties Which Shall be
Paid Upon Redemption or Repurchase. The taxes and penalties to be
paid by way of redemption or repurchase, shall comprise in all cases
only the original tax by virtue or the failure to pay which the seizure
was made, and its incidental penalties, up to the date of the
forfeiture of the real estate to the Government.
Section56. Taxes Legal Procedure. (a) The
assessment of a tax shall constitute a lawful indebtedness from the
taxpayer to the city which may be enforced by a civil action in any
court of competent jurisdiction, and this remedy shall be in addition
to all other remedies provided by law.
(b) No court shall entertain any suit assailing the
validity of a tax assessed under this Charter until the taxpayer shall
have paid, under protest, the taxes assessed against him; nor shall any
court declare any tax invalid by reason of irregularities or
informalities in the proceedings of the officers charged with the
assessment or collection of the taxes, or of a failure to perform their
duties within the time specified for their performance, unless such
irregularities, informalities, or failures shall have impaired the
substantial rights of the taxpayer.
(c) No court shall entertain any suit assailing the
validity of a tax sale of land under this Charter until the taxpayer
shall have paid into the court the amount for which the land was sold,
together with interest at the rate of fifteen per centum per annum upon
that sum from the date of sale to the time of instituting suit. The
money so paid into court shall belong and shall be delivered to the
purchaser at the tax sale, if the deed is declared invalid and shall be
returned to the depositor, should he fail in his action.
(d) No court shall declare any such sale invalid by
reason of any irregularities or informalities in the proceedings of the
officer charged with the duty of making sale or by reason of failure by
him to perform his duties within the time herein specified for their
performance, unless such irregularities, informalities, or failure
shall have impaired the substantial rights of the taxpayer.
TAX ALLOTMENTS AND SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS FOR PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS
Section57. Allotment of Internal Revenue and
Other Taxes. Of the internal revenue accruing to the National
Treasury under Chapter II, Title XII of Commonwealth Act Numbered Four
hundred and sixty-six and other taxes collected by the National
Government and allotted to the various provinces, as well as the
National aid for schools the City of Cavite shall receive a share equal
to what it would receive if it were a regularly organized province.
Section58. Power to Levy Special Assessment for
Certain Purposes. The municipal board may, by ordinance provide for
the levying and collection, by special assessment of the lands
comprised within the district or section of the city specially
benefited, on a part not to exceed sixty per centum of the cost of
laying out, opening, constructing, straightening, widening, extending,
grading, paving, curbing, walling, deepening, or otherwise establishing
repairing, enlarging, or improving, public avenues, roads, streets,
alleys, sidewalks, parks, plazas, bridges, landing places, wharves,
piers, docks, levees, reservoirs, waterworks, water mains, water
courses, esteros, canals, drains, and sewers, including the cost of
acquiring the necessary land and public improvements thereon as
In case of national public works, the municipal board as an agency of
the National Government shall, when the President of the Philippines so
directs it, provide for the levying and collection by special
assessment of the lands within the section or district of the city
specially benefited of the cost or a part thereof to be determined by
the President, of laying out, opening, constructing, straightening,
widening, extending, grading paving, curbing, walling deepening, or
otherwise establishing, repairing, enlarging or improving national
roads and other national public works within the city, including the
cost of acquiring the necessary land and improvements therein.
Section59. Property Subject to Special
Assessment. All lands comprised within the district or section
benefited, except those owned by the United States of America and the
Commonwealth of the Philippines shall be subject to the payment of the
Section60. Basis of Apportionment. The amount of the special
assessment shall be apportioned and computed according to the assessed
valuations of such lands as shown in the books of the City Assessor. If
the property has not been declared for taxation purposes, the City
Assessor shall immediately declare it for the owner and assess its
value, and such value shall be the basis of the apportionment and
computation of the special assessment due thereon.
Section61. Ordinance Levying Special
Assessment. The ordinance providing for the levying and collection of
a special assessment shall describe with reasonable accuracy the
nature, extent, and location of the work to be undertaken; the probable
cost of the work; the percentage of the cost to be defrayed by special
assessment; the district or section which shall be subject to the
payment of the special assessment the limits whereof shall be stated by
metes and bounds if practicable, and by other reasonably accurate means
if otherwise, and the period, which shall not be less than five nor
more than ten years, in which said special assessment shall be payable
without interest one uniform rate per centum for all lands in the
entire district or section subject to the payment of the special
assessment need not be established but different rates for different
parts or sections of the city according as said property will be derive
greater or less benefit from the proposed work, may be fixed.
It shall be the duty of the city engineer to make the plans,
specifications and estimates of the public works contemplated to be
Section62. Publication of Proposed Ordinance
Levying Special Assessment. The proposed special assessment ordinance
shall be published, with a list of the owners of the lands affected
thereby, once a week for four consecutive weeks in any newspaper
published in the city, one in English, one in Spanish, and one in the
local dialect, if there be any, and in default of local papers, in any
newspaper of general circulation in the city. The said ordinance in
English, Spanish, and the local dialect shall also be posted in places
where public notices are generally posted in the city and also in the
district or section where the public improvement is constructed or
contemplated to be constructed.
The Secretary of the municipal board shall, on application, furnish a
copy of the proposed ordinance to each landowner affected, or his
agent, and shall, if possible, send to all of them a copy of said
proposed ordinance by ordinary mail or otherwise.
Section63. Protest Against Special Assessment.
Not later than ten days after the last publication of the ordinance
and list of landowners, as provided in the preceding section, the
landowners affected, if they compose a majority and represent more than
one-half of the total assessed value of said lands, may file with the
municipal board a protest against the enactment of the ordinance. The
protest shall be duly signed by them and shall set forth the addresses
of the signers and the arguments in support of their objection or
protest against the special assessment established in the ordinance. If
no protest is filed within the time and under the condition above
specified, the ordinance shall be considered approved as published.
Section64. Hearing of Protest. The municipal
board shall designate a date and place for the hearing of the protest
filed in accordance with the next preceding section and shall give
reasonable time to all protestants who have given their addresses and
to all landowners affected by any protest or protests, and shall order
the publication once a week, during two consecutive weeks of a notice
of the place and date of the hearing in the same manner herein provided
for the publication of the proposed special assessment ordinance. All
pertinent arguments and evidence presented by the landowners interested
or their attorneys shall be attached to the proper records. After the
hearing the municipal board shall either modify its ordinance or
approved it in toto, and send notice of its decision to all interested
parties who have given their addresses, and shall order the publication
of the ordinance as approved finally, together with a list of the
owners of the parcels of land affected by the special assessment, three
times weekly, for two consecutive weeks, in the same manner hereinabove
prescribed. The ordinance finally passed by said body shall be sent to
the mayor with all the papers pertaining thereto, for his approval or
veto as in the case of other city ordinances. If the mayor approves it,
the ordinance shall be published as above provided, but if he vetoes
it, the procedure in similar cases provided in this Act shall be
Section65. When Ordinance is to Take Effect.
Upon expiration of thirty days from the date of the last publication of
the ordinance as finally approved, the same shall be effective in all
respects, if no appeal therefrom is taken to the proper authorities in
the manner hereinafter prescribed.
Section66. Appeals. Any time before the
ordinance providing for the levying and collection of special
assessments becomes effective in accordance with the preceding section,
appeals from such special assessments may be filed with the President
of the Philippines in the case of public works undertaken or
contemplated to be undertaken by the National Government, and with the
Secretary of Finance in the case of public works undertaken or
contemplated to be undertaken by the City. In all cases the appeal
shall be in writing and signed by at least a majority of the owners of
the lands situated in the special assessment zone representing more
than one-half of the total assessed value of the lands affected. The
appellant or appellants shall immediately give the board a written
notice of the appeal, and the Secretary of said board shall, within ten
days after receipt of the notice of appeal, forward to the officer who
has jurisdiction to decide the appeal an excerpt from the minutes of
the board relative to the proposed special assessment and all the
documents in connection therewith.
Section67. Decision of the Appeal. Only
appeals made within the time and in the manner prescribed in this Act
shall be entertained, and the officer to whom the appeal is had may
call for further hearing or decide the same in accordance with its
merits as shown in the papers or documents submitted to him. All
appeals shall be decided within sixty days after receipt by the
appellate officer of the docket of the case, and such decision shall be
Section68. Fixing of Amount of Special
Assessment. As soon as the ordinance is in full force and effect, the
city treasurer shall determine the amount of the special assessment
which the owner of each parcel of land comprised within the zone
described in the ordinance levying the same as to pay each year during
the prescribed period, and shall send to each of such landowners a
written notice thereof by ordinary mail. If upon completion of the
public works it should appear that the actual cost thereof is smaller
or greater than the estimated cost, the city treasurer shall without
delay proceed to correct the assessment by increasing or decreasing, as
the case may be, the amount of the unpaid annual installments which are
still to be collected from each landowner affected. In all cases, he
shall give notice of such rectifications to the parties interested.
Section69. Payment of Special Assessments. All sums due from any
landowner or owners as the result of any action taken pursuant to this
Act shall be payable to the city treasurer in the same manner as the
annual ordinary tax levied upon real property, and shall be subject to
the same penalties for delinquency and be enforced by the same means as
said annual ordinary tax; and all said sums together with any of said
penalties shall, from the dates on which they were assessed, constitute
special liens upon the land concerned, and shall have preference over
other liens on said land, with the sole exception of the lien for the
nonpayment of the ordinary real property tax. If upon recomputation of
the amount of special assessment in accordance with the next proceeding
section, it appears that the landowner has paid more than what is
correctly due from him, the amount paid in excess shall be refunded to
him immediately upon demand; in the other case, the landowner shall
have one year within which to pay without penalty the amount still due
from him. Said period shall be counted from the date the landowner
received the proper notice.
Section70. Disposition of Proceeds. The
proceeds of the special assessments and penalties thereon shall be
applied exclusively to the purpose or purposes for which the
assessments were levied. It shall be the duty of the city treasurer to
turn over to the National Treasury all collections made by him from
special assessment levies for national public works purposes.
Section71. Annual Budget. At least four
months before the beginning of each fiscal year, the city treasurer
shall present to the Mayor a certified detailed statement by
departments of all receipts and expenditures of the city pertaining to
the proceeding fiscal year, and to the first seven months of the
current fiscal year together with an estimate of the receipts and
expenditures for the remainder of the current fiscal year; and he shall
submit with this statement a detailed estimate of the revenues and
receipts of the city from all sources for the ensuing fiscal year. Upon
receipt of this statement and estimate and the estimates of department
heads as required by section eighteen of this Charter, the Mayor shall
formulate and submit to the municipal board at least two and a half
months before the beginning of the ensuing fiscal year, a detailed
budget covering the estimated necessary expenditures for the said
ensuing fiscal year, which shall be the basis of the annual
appropriation ordinance: Provided, however, That in no case shall the
aggregate amount of such appropriation exceed the estimate of revenues
and receipts submitted by the city treasurer as provided above.
Section72. Supplemental Budget. Supplemental
budget formulated in the same manner may be adopted when special or
unforeseen circumstances make such action necessary.
Section73. Failure to Enact an Appropriation Ordinance. Whenever the
board fails to enact an appropriation ordinance for any fiscal year
before the end of the previous fiscal year, the "several sums
appropriated in the last appropriation ordinance for the objects and
purposes therein specified, so far as they may be done, shall be deemed
to be reappropriated for the several objects and purposes specified in
said last appropriation ordinance," and shall go into effect on the
first day of the new fiscal year as the appropriation ordinance for
that year, until a new appropriation ordinance is duly enacted.
Section74. Regular, Auxiliary and Acting Judges
of Municipal Courts. There shall be a municipal court for the City of
Cavite, for which there shall be appointed a municipal judge and an
auxiliary municipal judge.
The municipal judge may, upon proper application, be allowed a vacation
of not more than thirty days every year with salary. The auxiliary
municipal judge shall discharge the duties in case of absence,
incapacity or inability of the municipal judge until he resumes his
post, or until a new judge shall have been appointed. During his
incumbency, the auxiliary municipal judge shall enjoy the powers,
emoluments and privileges of the municipal judge who shall not receive
any remuneration therefor except the salary to which he is entitled by
reason of his vacation provided for in this Act.
In case of absence, incapacity or inability of both the municipal judge
and the auxiliary municipal judge, the Secretary of Justice shall
designate the Justice of the peace of any of the adjoining
municipalities to preside over the municipal court, and the same shall
hold the office temporarily until the regular incumbent or the
auxiliary judge thereof shall have resumed office, or until another
judge shall have been appointed in accordance with the provisions of
this Act. The justice of the peace so designated shall receive his
salary as justice of the peace plus seventy per cent of the salary of
the municipal judge whose office he has temporarily assumed.
The municipal judge shall receive a salary of not exceeding three
thousand pesos per annum.
Section75. Clerk and Employees of the Municipal
Court. There shall be a clerk of the municipal court who shall be
appointed by the Mayor in accordance with Civil Service Law, rules and
regulations and who shall receive a compensation, to be fixed by
ordinance approved by the Secretary of the Interior, at not exceeding
one thousand two hundred pesos per annum. He shall keep the seal of the
court and affix it to all orders, judgments, certificates, records, and
other documents issued by the court. He shall keep a docket of the
trials in the court, in which he shall record in a summary manner the
names of the parties and the various proceedings in civil cases, and in
criminal cases, the name of the defendant, the charge against him, the
names of the witnesses, the date of the arrest, the appearance of the
defendant, together with the fines and cost adjudged or collected in
accordance with the judgment. He shall have power to administer oath.
The clerk of the municipal court shall at the same time be sheriff to
the city and shall as such have the same powers and duties as assigned
by existing law to provincial sheriffs. The municipal board may provide
for such number of clerks in the office of the clerk of the municipal
court as the needs of the service may demand.
Section76. Jurisdiction of Municipal Court.
The municipal court shall have the same jurisdiction in civil and
criminal cases and the same incidental powers as at present conferred
by law upon justice of the peace courts and such additional
jurisdictions and powers as may hereafter be conferred upon them by
law. It shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the Court of First
Instance over all criminal cases arising under the laws relating to
gambling and management of lotteries, to assaults where the intent to
kill is not charged or evident upon the trial, to larceny, embezzlement
and estafa where the amount of money or property stolen, embezzled or
otherwise involved does not exceed the sum or value of two hundred
pesos, to the sale of intoxicating liquors, to falsely impersonating an
officer, to malicious mischief, to trespass on Government or private
property, and to threatening to take human life. It may also conduct
preliminary investigation for any offense, without regard to the limits
of punishment, and may release, or commit and bind over any person
charged with such offense to secure his appearance before the proper
Section77. Incidental Powers of Municipal
Court. The municipal court shall have power to administer oaths and
to give certificates thereof; to issue summons, writs, warrants,
executions, and all other processes necessary to enforce its orders and
judgments; to compel the attendance of witnesses; to punish contempts
of court by fine or imprisonment, or both, within the limitations
imposed by law; and to require of any person arrested a bond for good
behavior or to keep the peace, or for the further appearance of such
person before a court of competent jurisdiction. But no such bond shall
be accepted unless it be executed by the person in whose behalf it is
made, with sufficient surety or sureties, to be approved by said court.
Section78. Procedure in Municipal Courts in
Prosecutions for Violations of Laws and Ordinances. In a prosecution
for the violation of any ordinance, the first process shall be a
summon; except that a warrant for the arrest of the offender may be
issued in the first instance upon the affidavit of any person that such
ordinance has been violated, and that the person making the complaint
has reasonable grounds to believe that the party charged is guilty
thereof, which warrant shall conclude: 'Against the ordinances of the
city in such case made and provided.' All proceedings and prosecutions
for offenses against the laws of the Philippines shall conform to the
rules relating to process, pleading, practice, and procedure for the
judiciary of the Philippines, and such rules shall govern the municipal
court and its officers in all cases in so far as the same may be
Section79. Costs, Fees, Fines, and Forfeitures
in Municipal Court. There shall be taxed against and collected from
the defendant, in case of his conviction in the municipal court, such
costs and fees as may be prescribed by law in criminal cases in
justices' courts. All costs, fees, fines, and forfeitures shall be
collected by the clerk of court, who shall keep a docket of those
imposed and of those collected, and shall pay collections of the same
to the city treasurer for the benefit of the city, on the next business
day after the same are collected, and take receipts therefor. The
municipal judge shall examine said docket each day, compare the same
with the amount receipted for by the city treasurer, and satisfy
himself that all such costs, fees, fines and forfeitures have been duly
Section80. No Person Sentenced by Municipal
Court to be Confined Without Commitment. No person shall be confined
in the city prison by sentence of the municipal court until the warden
or officer in charge of the prison shall receive a written commitment
showing the offense for which the prisoner was tried, the date of the
trial, the exact terms of the judgment or sentence, and the date of the
order of the commitment. The clerk shall, under seal of the court,
issue such a commitment in each case of sentence to imprisonment.
Section81. Procedure on Appeal from Municipal
Court to Court of First Instance. An appeal shall lie to the Court of
First Instance in all cases where fine or imprisonment, or both, is
imposed by the municipal court. The party desiring to appeal shall,
before six-o'clock postmeridian of the day after the rendition and
entry of the judgment by the municipal court, file with the clerk of
the court a written statement that he appeals to the Court of First
Instance. The filing of such statement shall perfect the appeal. The
judge of the court from whose decision appeal is taken shall, within
five days after the appeal is taken, transmit to the clerk of the Court
of First Instance a certified copy of the record of proceedings and all
the original papers and process in the case. A perfected appeal shall
operate to vacate the judgment of the municipal court, and the action,
when duly entered in the Court of First Instance, shall stand for trial
de novo upon its merits as though the same has never been tried.
Pending on appeal, the defendant shall remain in custody unless
released in the discretion of the judge of the municipal court or of
the Judge of the Court of First Instance, upon sufficient bail, in
accordance with the procedure in force, to await the judgment of the
Appeals in civil cases shall be governed by the ordinary procedure
established by law.
OFFICES PERFORMING MUNICIPAL DUTIES
Section82. The General Auditing Office. The
Auditor General or his delegate shall receive and audit all accounts of
the city, in accordance with the provisions of law relating to
Government accounts and accounting.
Section83. The Division of Purchase and Supply. The Purchasing Agent
shall purchase and supply in accordance with law all supplies,
equipment, material, and property of every kind, except real estate,
for the use of the city and its departments and offices. But contracts
for completed work of any kind for the use of the city, or any of its
departments or offices, involving both labor and materials, where the
materials are furnished by the contractor, shall not be deemed to be
within the purview of this section.
Section84. The Bureau of Education. The
Director of Education shall exercise the same jurisdiction and powers
in the city as elsewhere in the Philippines and the Division
Superintendent of Schools for the Province of Cavite shall have all the
powers and duties in respect to the school of the city as the vested in
division superintendents in respect to the schools of their divisions.
A city school board of six members two of whom shall be women and who
shall serve without salary, shall be selected and removed in the same
manner, and shall have the same powers and duties, as local school
boards in municipalities.
The municipal board shall have the same powers in respect to the
establishment of schools as are conferred by law on municipal councils.
Section85. Reports to the Mayor Concerning
Schools Construction and Custody of School Buildings. The division
superintendent of schools shall make a quarterly report of the
condition of the schools and school buildings to be erected, and all
other similar matters, together with the amount of city revenues which
should be expended in paying teachers, and improving the schools or
school buildings of the city. The city school board shall make a
similar annual report to the Mayor.
Section86. The City Health Officer His powers
and duties. There shall be in the City of Cavite a city health
officer. He shall have a salary of not exceeding three thousand pesos
per annum. The city health officer shall have the following general
powers and duties:
(a) He shall have general supervision over the health
and sanitary condition of the city.
(b) He shall execute and enforce all laws, ordinances
and regulations relating to the public health.
(c) He shall recommend to the municipal board the
passage of such ordinances as he may deem necessary for the
preservation of the public health.
(d) He shall cause to be prosecuted all violations of
sanitary laws, ordinances, or regulations.
(e) He shall make sanitary inspections and may be
aided therein by such members of the police force of the city or of the
Philippine Constabulary as shall be designated as sanitary police by
the chief of police or proper Constabulary officer and such sanitary
inspectors as may be authorized by law.
(f) He shall keep a civil register for the city and
record therein all births, marriages, and deaths with their respective
(g) He shall perform such other duties, not repugnant
to law or ordinance, with reference to the health and sanitation of the
city as the Director of Health shall direct.
Section87. Change of Government. The city
government provided for in this Charter shall be organized immediately
after the appointment and qualification of the city mayor and a
majority of the members of the municipal board. Pending the next
general elections for provincial and municipal officials, the offices
of the elective members of the municipal board shall be filled by
appointment of the President with the consent of the Commission on
Appointments of the National Assembly.
Section88. Election of Provincial Governor and
Members of the Provincial Board of the Province of Cavite. The
qualified voters of the City of Cavite shall be qualified and be
entitled to vote in the election of the provincial governor and members
of the provincial board of the Province of Cavite.
Section89. Assembly District. Until otherwise
provided by law, the City of Cavite shall continue to be a part of the
present Assembly District of Cavite.
EFFECTIVITY OF THE ACT
Section90. Effectivity. This Act shall take
effect upon its approval.