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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
REPUBLIC ACT NOS. 8401 - 8500                  

  • Republic Act No. 8401

  • Republic Act No. 8402

  • Republic Act No. 8403

  • Republic Act No. 8404

  • Republic Act No. 8405

  • Republic Act No. 8406

  • Republic Act No. 8407

  • Republic Act No. 8408

  • Republic Act No. 8409

  • Republic Act No. 8410

  • Republic Act No. 8411

  • Republic Act No. 8412

  • Republic Act No. 8413

  • Republic Act No. 8414

  • Republic Act No. 8415

  • Republic Act No. 8416

  • Republic Act No. 8417

  • Republic Act No. 8418

  • Republic Act No. 8419

  • Republic Act No. 8420

  • Republic Act No. 8421

  • Republic Act No. 8422

  • Republic Act No. 8423

  • Republic Act No. 8425

  • Republic Act No. 8426

  • Republic Act No. 8427

  • Republic Act No. 8428

  • Republic Act No. 8429

  • Republic Act No. 8430

  • Republic Act No. 8431

  • Republic Act No. 8432

  • Republic Act No. 8433

  • Republic Act No. 8434

  • Republic Act No. 8435

  • Republic Act No. 8436

  • Republic Act No. 8437

  • Republic Act No. 8438

  • Republic Act No. 8424

  • Republic Act No. 8439

  • Republic Act No. 8440

  • Republic Act No. 8441

  • Republic Act No. 8442

  • Republic Act No. 8443

  • Republic Act No. 8444

  • Republic Act No. 8445

  • Republic Act No. 8446

  • Republic Act No. 8447

  • Republic Act No. 8448

  • Republic Act No. 8449

  • Republic Act No. 8450

  • Republic Act No. 8451

  • Republic Act No. 8452

  • Republic Act No. 8453

  • Republic Act No. 8454

  • Republic Act No. 8455

  • Republic Act No. 8456

  • Republic Act No. 8457

  • Republic Act No. 8458

  • Republic Act No. 8459

  • Republic Act No. 8460

  • Republic Act No. 8461

  • Republic Act No. 8462

  • Republic Act No. 8463

  • Republic Act No. 8464

  • Republic Act No. 8465

  • Republic Act No. 8466

  • Republic Act No. 8467

  • Republic Act No. 8468

  • Republic Act No. 8469

  • Republic Act No. 8470

  • Republic Act No. 8471

  • Republic Act No. 8472

  • Republic Act No. 8473

  • Republic Act No. 8474

  • Republic Act No. 8475

  • Republic Act No. 8476

  • Republic Act No. 8477

  • Republic Act No. 8478

  • Republic Act No. 8479

  • Republic Act No. 8481

  • Republic Act No. 8482

  • Republic Act No. 8483

  • Republic Act No. 8484

  • Republic Act No. 8480

  • Republic Act No. 8485

  • Republic Act No. 8486

  • Republic Act No. 8487

  • Republic Act No. 8488

  • Republic Act No. 8489

  • Republic Act No. 8491

  • Republic Act No. 8490

  • Republic Act No. 8493

  • Republic Act No. 8492

  • Republic Act No. 8495

  • Republic Act No. 8494

  • Republic Act No. 8496

  • Republic Act No. 8497

  • Republic Act No. 8498

  • Republic Act No. 8499

  • Republic Act No. 8500

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    PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES & CODES

    Republic Act No. 8477

      PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY

    REPUBLIC ACTS




    REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8477
    REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8477 - AN ACT GRANTING THE H.T. TELESIS, INC., A FRANCHISE TO ESTABLISH, CONSTRUCT, INSTALL, OPERATE AND MAINTAIN FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES A DIRECT TRANSMITTING SATELLITE SYSTEM IN THE PHILIPPINES
    Section 1. Nature and Scope of Franchise. Subject to the provisions of the Constitution and applicable laws, rules and regulations, there is hereby granted to the H.T. Telesis, Inc., hereunder referred to as the grantee, its successors or assigns, a franchise to establish, construct, install, operate and maintain for commercial purposes and in the public interest, satellite earth stations in the Philippines for the purpose of transmitting video, audio and digital information, including movies, music, advertising, still pictures, and any other form of entertainment or information to a satellite or satellites for retransmission, either scrambled or unscrambled, within the Republic of the Philippines and the surrounding regions; to build, construct, distribute, install and maintain, by lease or sale, such satellite receive antennas and related electronic equipment for business and residential customers or other terrestrial redistribution systems for reception of the grantee's satellite transmissions or such other ground receiving equipment as may be necessary for the grantee to receive the satellite transmissions and redistribute them to its customers.

    Sec. 2. Manner of Operations of Stations or Facilities. The stations or facilities of the grantee shall be constructed and operated in a manner as will, at most, result only in the minimum interference on the wavelengths or frequencies of existing stations or other stations which may be established by law, without in any way diminishing its own right to use its selected wavelengths or frequencies and the quality of transmission or reception thereon as should maximize rendition of the grantee's services and/or availability thereof.

    Sec. 3. Prior Approval of the National Telecommunications Commission. The grantee shall secure from the National Telecommunications Commission, hereinafter referred to as the Commission, the appropriate permits and licenses for the construction and operation of its stations, transmitters or facilities and shall not use any frequency in the radio and television spectrum without having been authorized by the Commission. The Commission, however, shall not unreasonably withhold or delay the grant of any such authority.

    Sec. 4. Ingress and Egress. For the purpose of erecting and maintaining poles or other supports for said wires or other conductors for the purpose of laying and maintaining underground wires, cables or other conductors, it shall be lawful for the grantee, its successors or assigns, with the prior approval of the Department of Public Works and Highways, to make excavations or lay conduits in any of the public places, highways, streets, lanes, alleys, avenues, sidewalks or bridges of said provinces, cities and/or municipalities: provided however, that any public place, highway, street, lane, alley, avenue, sidewalk or bridge disturbed, altered or changed by reason of the erection of poles or other supports or the underground laying of wires, other conductors or conduits shall be repaired and replaced in a workmanlike manner by said grantee, its successors or assigns, in accordance with the standards set by the Department of Public Works and Highways. Should the grantee, its successors or assigns, after the ten days' notice from the said authority, fail, refuse or neglect to repair or replace any part of a public place, road, highway, street, lane, alley, avenue, sidewalk or bridge altered, changed or disturbed by said grantee, its successors or assigns, then the Department of Public Works and Highways shall have the right to have the same repaired and placed in good order and condition at double the expense to be charged against the grantee, its successors or assigns.

    Sec. 5. Responsibility to the Public. The grantee shall provide adequate public service time to enable the government, through its stations, to reach the population on important public issues; provide at all times sound and balanced programming; promote public participation such as in community programming; assist in the functions of public information and education; conform to the ethics of honest enterprise; and not use its stations for the transmission of obscene and indecent language, speech, act or scene; or for the dissemination of deliberately false information or willful misrepresentation to the detriment of the public interest, or to incite, encourage or assist in subversive or treasonable acts.

    Sec. 6. Right of Government. A special right is hereby reserved to the President of the Philippines, in times of war, rebellion, public peril, calamity, emergency, disaster or disturbance of peace and order, to temporarily take over and operate the stations, transmitters or facilities of the grantee, to temporarily suspend the operation of any station, transmitter or facility in the interest of public safety, security and public welfare, or to authorize the temporary use and operation thereof by any agency of the government, upon due compensation to the grantee, for the use of said stations, transmitters or facilities during the period when they shall be so operated.

    The radio spectrum is a finite resource that is a part of the national patrimony and the use thereof is a privilege conferred upon the grantee by the State and may be withdrawn anytime, after due process.

    Sec. 7. Term of Franchise. This franchise shall be for a term of twenty-five (25) years from the date of effectivity of this Act, unless sooner revoked or cancelled. This franchise shall be deemed ipso facto revoked, in the event the grantee fails to comply with any of the following conditions:

    (a) Commence operations within one (1) year from the approval of its operating permit or provisional authority by the National Telecommunications Commission;

    (b) Operate continuously for two (2) years; and

    (c) Commence operations within three (3) years from the effectivity of this Act.

    Sec. 8. Acceptance and Compliance. Acceptance of this franchise shall be given in writing within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act. Upon giving such acceptance, the grantee shall exercise the privileges granted under this Act. Nonacceptance shall render the franchise void.

    Sec. 9. Bond. If the grantee is not yet operational, the grantee shall file a bond issued in favor of the National Telecommunications Commission, which shall determine the amount, to guarantee the compliance with and fulfillment of the conditions under which the franchise is granted. If after five (5) years from the date of the approval of its permit by the Commission, the grantee shall have fulfilled the same, the bond shall be cancelled by the Commission. Otherwise the bond shall be forfeited in favor of the government and the franchise ipso facto revoked.

    Section 10. Tax Provisions. The grantee, its successors or assigns, shall be liable to pay the same taxes on their real estate, buildings and personal property, exclusive of this franchise, as other persons or corporations are now or hereafter may be required by law to pay. In addition thereto, the grantee, its successors or assigns, shall pay the value-added tax under Republic Act No. 7716 or a franchise tax of three percent (3%) per annum or at such percentage as may be prescribed by law, on all gross receipts of its telecommunications business transacted under this franchise, whichever is higher: provided, that, the grantee, its successors or assigns, shall continue to be liable for income taxes payable under Title II of the National Internal Revenue Code pursuant to Sec. 2 of Executive Order No. 72, unless the latter enactment is amended or repealed, in which case the amendment or repeal shall be applicable thereto.

    The grantee shall file the return with, and pay the taxes due thereon to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue or his duly authorized representatives in accordance with the National Internal Revenue Code and the return shall be subject to audit by the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

    Section 11. Self-regulation by and Undertaking of Grantee. The grantee shall not require any previous censorship of any speech, play, act or scene, or other matter to be broadcast or transmitted from its stations: provided, that the grantee, during any broadcast or transmission shall cut off from the air or transmission the speech, play, act or scene, or other matter being broadcast or transmitted if the tendency thereof is to propose and/or incite treason, rebellion or sedition; or the language used therein or the theme thereof is indecent or immoral; and willful failure to do so shall constitute a valid cause for the cancellation of this franchise.

    Section 12. Warranty in Favor of National and Local Governments. The grantee shall hold the national, provincial, city and municipal governments of the Philippines harmless from all claims, accounts, demands or actions arising out of accidents or injuries, whether to property or to persons, caused by the construction or operation of the stations, transmitters, facilities and equipment of the grantee.

    Section 13. Sale, Lease, Transfer, Usufruct, Etc. The grantee shall not lease, transfer, grant the usufruct of, sell nor assign this franchise or the rights and privileges acquired thereunder to any person, firm, company, corporation or other commercial or legal entity, nor merge with any corporation or entity, nor shall the controlling interest in the grantee be transferred, whether as a whole or in parts and whether simultaneously or contemporaneously, to any such person, firm, company, corporation or entity without the prior approval of Congress of the Philippines, except when such person, firm, company, corporation or entity has a valid and existing legislative franchise for telecommunications or it is in pursuance of the provisions of Section 16 of this Act. Any person or entity to which this franchise is sold, transferred or assigned, shall be subject to the same conditions, terms, restrictions and limitations of this Act.

    Section 14. Dispersal of Ownership. In accordance with the constitutional provisions to encourage public participation in the public utilities, the grantee shall offer at least thirty percentum (30%) of its outstanding capital stock or a higher percentage that may hereafter be provided by law in any securities exchange in the Philippines within ten (10) years from the commencement of its operations or from the effectivity of this Act, whichever is later. Noncompliance therewith shall render the franchise ipso facto revoked.

    Section 15. Separability Clause. If any of the sections or provisions of this Act is held invalid, all the other provisions not affected thereby shall remain valid.

    Section 16. Repealability and Nonexclusivity Clause. This franchise shall be subject to amendment, alteration, or repeal by the Congress of the Philippines when the public interest so requires and shall not be interpreted as an exclusive grant of the privileges herein provided for.

    Section 17. Reportorial Requirement. The grantee shall submit an annual report to the Congress of the Philippines on its compliance with the terms and conditions of its franchise and on its operations within sixty (60) days from the end of every year.

    Section 18. Effectivity Clause. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days from the date of its publication in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation in the Philippines.

    Approved: February 6, 1998

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