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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
REPUBLIC ACT NOS. 5801 - 5900                  

  • Republic Act No. 5801

  • Republic Act No. 5802

  • Republic Act No. 5803

  • Republic Act No. 5804

  • Republic Act No. 5805

  • Republic Act No. 5806

  • Republic Act No. 5807

  • Republic Act No. 5808

  • Republic Act No. 5809

  • Republic Act No. 5810

  • Republic Act No. 5811

  • Republic Act No. 5812

  • Republic Act No. 5813

  • Republic Act No. 5814

  • Republic Act No. 5815

  • Republic Act No. 5816

  • Republic Act No. 5817

  • Republic Act No. 5818

  • Republic Act No. 5819

  • Republic Act No. 5820

  • Republic Act No. 5821

  • Republic Act No. 5822

  • Republic Act No. 5823

  • Republic Act No. 5824

  • Republic Act No. 5825

  • Republic Act No. 5826

  • Republic Act No. 5827

  • Republic Act No. 5828

  • Republic Act No. 5829

  • Republic Act No. 5830

  • Republic Act No. 5831

  • Republic Act No. 5832

  • Republic Act No. 5833

  • Republic Act No. 5834

  • Republic Act No. 5835

  • Republic Act No. 5836

  • Republic Act No. 5837

  • Republic Act No. 5838

  • Republic Act No. 5839

  • Republic Act No. 5840

  • Republic Act No. 5841

  • Republic Act No. 5842

  • Republic Act No. 5843

  • Republic Act No. 5844

  • Republic Act No. 5845

  • Republic Act No. 5846

  • Republic Act No. 5847

  • Republic Act No. 5848

  • Republic Act No. 5849

  • Republic Act No. 5850

  • Republic Act No. 5851

  • Republic Act No. 5852

  • Republic Act No. 5853

  • Republic Act No. 5854

  • Republic Act No. 5855

  • Republic Act No. 5856

  • Republic Act No. 5857

  • Republic Act No. 5858

  • Republic Act No. 5859

  • Republic Act No. 5860

  • Republic Act No. 5861

  • Republic Act No. 5862

  • Republic Act No. 5863

  • Republic Act No. 5864

  • Republic Act No. 5865

  • Republic Act No. 5866

  • Republic Act No. 5867

  • Republic Act No. 5868

  • Republic Act No. 5869

  • Republic Act No. 5870

  • Republic Act No. 5871

  • Republic Act No. 5872

  • Republic Act No. 5873

  • Republic Act No. 5874

  • Republic Act No. 5875

  • Republic Act No. 5876

  • Republic Act No. 5877

  • Republic Act No. 5878

  • Republic Act No. 5879

  • Republic Act No. 5880

  • Republic Act No. 5881

  • Republic Act No. 5882

  • Republic Act No. 5883

  • Republic Act No. 5884

  • Republic Act No. 5885

  • Republic Act No. 5886

  • Republic Act No. 5887

  • Republic Act No. 5888

  • Republic Act No. 5889

  • Republic Act No. 5890

  • Republic Act No. 5891

  • Republic Act No. 5892

  • Republic Act No. 5893

  • Republic Act No. 5894

  • Republic Act No. 5895

  • Republic Act No. 5896

  • Republic Act No. 5897

  • Republic Act No. 5898

  • Republic Act No. 5899

  • Republic Act No. 5900

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    PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES & CODES

    Republic Act No. 5844

      PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY

    REPUBLIC ACTS




    REPUBLIC ACT NO. 5844
    REPUBLIC ACT NO. 5844 - AN ACT GRANTING ASIATIC INTEGRATED CORPORATION A FRANCHISE TO INSTALL, OPERATE AND MAINTAIN A TELEPHONE SYSTEM IN THE PROVINCE OF BATAAN

    Section 1. Subject to the conditions established in this Act and the provisions of Commonwealth Act Numbered One hundred and forty-six, as amended, and of the Constitution, applicable thereto, there is hereby granted to the Asiatic Integrated Corporation, hereinafter called the grantee, its successors or assigns, for a period of twenty-five years from the approval of this Act, the right and privilege to construct, maintain and operate in the Province of Bataan, a telephone system to carry on the business of the electrical transmission of conversations and signals in said province.

    For this purpose, the grantee is hereby authorized to use all streets and public thoroughfares of the said province for the construction, maintenance and operation of all apparatus, conductors and appliances necessary for the electrical transmission of conversations and signals, to erect poles, string wires, build conduits, lay cables and to construct, maintain and use such other approved and generally accepted means of electrical conduction in, on, over, or under the public roads, highways, lands, bridges, streets, lanes and sidewalks of the said province and overhead or underground fines or on the surface of the ground as may be necessary and best adapted to said transmission.

    Sec. 2. All poles erected and all conduits constructed or used by the grantee shall be located in places designated by the grantee with the approval of the provincial board of the province: Provided, That all poles erected and used by the grantee or its successors or assigns shall be of such appearance as not to disfigure the streets, and the wires and cables carried by said poles and the underground cables shall be strong and laid in accordance with professional standards approved by the Public Service Commission; and said poles shall be of such height as to maintain the wires and cables stretched on the same at a height of at least fifteen feet above the level of the ground, and said wires and cables shall be so placed as not to imperil the public safety, in accordance with the plan approved by the Public Service Commission: Provided, further, That whenever twenty-five or more pairs of wires or other conductors are carried on one line of poles in any place of any poblacion of the province, said wires or conductors shall be placed in one cable, and whenever more than eight hundred pairs of wires or other conductors are carried on one line of poles, said wires or conductors shall be placed underground by the grantee, it successors are assigns, whenever ordered to do so by the Public Service Commission.

    Sec. 3. For the purpose of erecting and placing the poles or other supports of such wires or other conductors or of laying and maintaining underground said wires, cables or other conductors, it shall be lawful for the grantee, its successors or assigns, to make excavations or lay conduits in any of the public places, highways, streets, alleys, lanes, avenues, sidewalks or bridges in the province: Provided, however, That any public place, highway, street, alley, avenue, sidewalk or bridge disturbed, altered or changed by reason of the erection of poles or other supports, or the laying underground of wires or other conductors, or of conduits, shall be repaired and restored to the satisfaction of the engineer of the province, and removing from the same all rubbish, dirt, refuse, or other material which may have been placed there or taken up in the erection of said poles or the laying of said underground conduits, leaving them in as good condition as they were before the work was done.

    Sec. 4. Whenever any person has obtained permission to use any of the streets of the municipality concerned for the purpose of removing any building or in the prosecution of any municipal work or for any other cause whatsoever, making it necessary to raise or remove any of said wires or conduits which may obstruct or hinder the prosecution of said work, the said grantee, upon notice by the municipal council of the municipality served upon said grantee at least forty-eight hours in advance, shall raise or remove any of said wires or conduits which may hinder the prosecution of such work or obstruct the removal of said building, so as to allow the free and unobstructed passage of said building and the free and unobstructed prosecution of said work, and the person or entity at whose request the wires or poles or other structures have been removed, shall pay one-half of the actual costs of replacing the poles or raising the wires and other conductors or structures. The notice shall be in the form of a resolution duly adopted by the municipal council of the municipality concerned served upon the grantee or its duly authorized representatives or agents by a person competent to testify as witness in a civil action, and in case of refusal or failure of the grantee to comply with such notice, the municipal mayor with the proper approval of the provincial board of the province first had, as the case may be, shall order such wires or conduits to be raised or removed at the expense of the grantee, for the purpose aforesaid.

    Sec. 5. All apparatus and appurtenances used by the grantee, its successors or assigns, shall be modern and first class in every respect, and all telephone lines or installations used maintained and operated in connection with this franchise by the grantee, its successors or assigns, shall be kept and maintained at all times in a satisfactory manner, so as to render an efficient and adequate telephone service, and it shall be the further duty of said grantee, its successors or assigns, whenever required to do so by the Public Service Commission, to modify, improve and change such telephone system for the electrical transmission of conversations and signals by means of electricity in such manner and to such extent as the progress of science and improvements in the method of electrical transmission of conversations and signals by means of electricity may make reasonable and proper.

    Sec. 6. The grantee, it successors or assigns, shall keep a separate account of the gross receipts of its telephone business, and shall furnish the Auditor General and the Treasurer of the Philippines a copy each of such account not later than thirty-first day of July of each year for the twelve months preceding the first day of July.

    Sec. 7. Within sixty days from the approval of this Act, the grantee shall file with the Public Service Commission its application for a certificate of convenience and public necessity. In case of failure to make said application within the period established, this franchise shall become null and void.

    Sec. 8. The grantee shall not commence any construction whatever, pursuant to this franchise without first obtaining a certificate of convenience and public necessity from the Public Service Commission of the form and character provided for in Commonwealth Act Numbered One hundred and forty-six, as amended, specifically authorizing such construction. The grantee shall not exercise any right or privilege under this franchise without first having obtained such certificate of convenience and public necessity from the Public Service Commission. The Public Service Commission shall have the power to issue such certificate of convenience and public necessity whenever it shall, after due hearing, determine that such construction or such exercise of the rights and privileges under this franchise is necessary and proper for the public convenience, and the Commission shall have the power in issuing such certificate to impose such conditions as to construction, equipment, maintenance, service or operation as the public convenience and interest may reasonably require, and such certificate shall state the date in which the grantee shall commence construction and the period within which the work shall be completed. In order to avail itself of the rights granted by such certificate of convenience and public necessity, the grantee shall file with the Public Service Commission, within such period as said Commission shall fix, its written acceptance of the terms and conditions of this franchise and of the certificate together with the documents evidencing the fact that the deposit required in Section nine has been made. In the event that the grantee shall not commence the telephone service referred to in the certificate obtained and filed as herein provided within such period as the Public Service Commission shall have fixed, said Commission may declare said certificate null and void and the deposit made pursuant to Section nine of this Act forfeited to the National Government unless the grantee shall have been prevented from doing so by fortuitous cause or force majeure, usurped or military power, martial law, riot, uprising or other inevitable cause: Provided, however, That if the grantee shall have been prevented by any of said causes from commencing the telephone service within the period specified, the time during which it shall have been so prevented shall be added to said period; Provided, further, That failure on the part of the grantee to accept conditions of this franchise and those imposed in the certificate of convenience and public necessity shall automatically void this franchise.

    Sec. 9. Upon written acceptance of the terms and conditions of this franchise, the grantee shall deposits with the Treasurer of the Philippines five thousand pesos, or negotiable bonds of the Government of the Philippines or other securities approved by the Secretary of Public Works and Communications, of the face value of five thousand pesos, as an earnest of good faith in accepting this franchise and a guaranty that, within six months from the date of the granting by the Public Service Commission of a certificate of convenience and public necessity authorizing construction and operation by the grantee of a telephone service in the Province of Bataan, the grantee, its successors or assigns, will be completely provided with the necessary equipment and ready to begin operation in accordance with the terms of this franchise: Provided, That if the deposit is made in money the same shall be deposited at interest in some interest-paying bank approved by the Secretary of Public Works and Communications, and all interest accruing and due on such deposit shall be collected by the Treasurer of the Philippines and paid to the grantee, its successors or assigns, on demand: And provided, further, That if the deposit made with the Treasurer of the Philippines be in negotiable bonds of the Government of the Philippines or other interest-bearing securities approved by the Secretary of Public Works and Communications, the interest on such bonds or securities shall be collected by the Treasurer of the Philippines and paid to the grantee, its successors or assigns, on demand.

    Should the said grantee, its successors or assigns, for any other cause than act of God, public enemy, usurped or military power, martial law, riot, civil commotion or inevitable cause, fail, refuse or neglect to begin within twelve months from the date of the granting of said certificate of convenience and public necessity, the telephone service in the Province of Bataan, applied for by the grantee according to the terms of this franchise, then the deposit prescribed by this section to be made with the Treasurer of the Philippines whether in money, bonds or other securities shall become the property of the National Government as liquidated damages caused to such Government by such failure, refusal or neglect and thereafter no interest on said bonds or other securities deposited shall be paid to the grantee, its successors or assigns. Should the said grantee, its successors or assigns, begin the business of transmitting messages by telephone and be ready to operate according to the terms of this franchise the telephone service in the Province of Bataan, within twelve months from the date of the granting of said certificate of convenience and public necessity, then and in that event the deposit prescribed by this section shall be returned by the National Government to the grantee, its successors or assigns, upon the recommendation of the Public Service Commission, as soon as the telephone service in said province applied for by the grantee has been installed in accordance with the terms of this franchise: Provided, however, That all the time during which the grantee, its successors or assigns, may be prevented from carrying out the terms and conditions of this franchise by any of said causes shall be added to the time allowed by this franchise for compliance with its provisions.

    SECTION 10. The books and accounts of the grantee, its successors or assigns, shall always be open to the inspection of the auditor of the province or his authorized representatives, and it shall be the duty of the grantee to submit to the Auditor General quarterly reports in duplicate showing the gross receipts and the net receipts for the quarter past and the general conditions of the business.

    SECTION 11. The rights herein granted shall not be exclusive, and the right and power to grant to any corporation, association or person other than the grantee, franchise for the telephone or electrical transmission of messages or signals shall not be impaired or affected by the granting of this franchise: Provided, That the poles erected, wires strung or cables or conduits laid by virtue of any franchise for telephone, or other electrical transmission of messages and signals, granted subsequent to this franchise shall be so placed, as not to impair the efficient and effective transmission of conversations or signals under this franchise by means of poles erected, wires strung, or cables or conduits actually laid and in existence at the time of the granting of said subsequent franchise: And provided, further, That the Public Service Commission, after hearing both parties interested, may compel the grantee of this franchise or its successors or assigns, to remove, relocate, or replace its poles, wires conduits; but in such case the reasonable cost of the removal, relocation or replacement shall be paid by the grantee of the subsequent franchise or its successors or assigns to the grantee of this franchise or its successors or assigns.

    SECTION 12. The grantee, its successors or assigns, shall hold the national, provincial, and municipal governments harmless from all claims, accounts, demands, or actions arising out of accidents or injuries, whether to property or to persons, caused by the construction or operation of the telephone or other electrical transmission system of the said grantee, its successors or assigns.

    SECTION 13. The rates for the telephone service, flat rates as well as measured rates, shall be subject to the approval of the Public Service Commission.

    The monthly rates for telephone having a metallic circuit within the limits of the province shall also be approved by the Public Service Commission.

    SECTION 14. The grantee shall not, without the previous and explicit approval of the Congress of the Philippines, directly or indirectly, transfer, sell or assign this franchise to any person, association, company or corporation or other mercantile or legal entity.

    SECTION 15. The grantee may install, maintain, operate, purchase or lease such telephone stations, lines, cables or system as is or are, convenient or essential to efficiently carry out the purpose of this franchise: Provided, however, That the grantee, its successors assigns, shall not, without the permission of the Public Service Commission first had, install, maintain, operate, purchase or lease such stations, lines, cables or system.

    SECTION 16. The Philippine Government shall have the privilege, without compensation, of using the poles of the grantee to attach one ten-pin crossarm, and to install, maintain and operate wires of its telegraph system thereon: Provided, however, That the Bureau of Telecommunications shall have the right to place additional crossarm and wires on the poles of the grantee by paying a compensation, the rate of which is to be agreed upon by the Director of Telecommunications and the grantee: Provided, further, That in case of disagreement as to rate of contract rental, same shall be fixed by the Public Service Commission.

    SECTION 17. It is expressly provided that in the event the Philippine Government should desire to maintain and operate for itself the system and enterprise herein authorized, the grantee shall surrender its franchise and will turn over to the Government said system and all serviceable equipment therein, at cost, less reasonable depreciation.

    SECTION 18. In consideration of this franchise the grantee shall pay a tax equivalent to five percent of its gross income.

    SECTION 19. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

    Enacted without Executive approval, June 21, 1969.

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